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News
أعداء الذاكرة
 
نقوم طوال الوقت بتشغيل ذاكرتنا، لذا لا بد من الحفاظ عليها. السن، قلّة النوم... هل تعلمين العوامل التي تضعف من القدرة على التذكر أو تحسّنها؟ إليك النقاط التسع التي قد تؤثر على ذاكرتك.

1- الكحول عند الإكثار من تناول الكحول، قد يصاب المرء في غضون بضع سنوات بضرر نهائي في خلايا الدماغ العصبية. فقد ثبت وجود تغييرات في الذاكرة على المدى الطويل لدى المدمنين على الكحول نتيجة إصابتهم بضرر دماغي.

-2 الإجهاد للإجهاد المفرط آثار ضارة على الذاكرة. فالذين يتعرّضون لضغط إجهادي كبير يفرزون كمية فائضة من القشرانيات السكرية التي قد تشوّه على المدى البعيد الحصين في الدماغ الذي يتحكم بالذاكرة. يعاني بعض الأشخاص المصابين بحالة شديدة من الاكتئاب بالتالي من ضمور في الحصين. أما الإجهاد الأقل حدّة فقد يؤثر على الذاكرة على المدى القصير.

-3 ممارسة الحب قد تكون العلاقة الجنسية فعلاً السبب في ضعف الذاكرة. تسمّى هذه الحالة بفقدان الذاكرة الشامل العابر. لكن لا داعِ للقلق لأن خمسة فقط من أصل مئة ألف شخص يصابون بهذه المتلازمة التي لا يزال يلفها الغموض.

-4 مضادات القلق لكل دواء مشتق من عائلة البنزوديازيبين إلخ( أثر ،Valium، Lorazepam )مثل مختلف على الذاكرة. فالبعض يؤثر على القدرة على حفظ المعلومات الجديدة، وأخرى على الذاكرة الدلالية أو حتى على الذاكرة العرضية. لكن إن نسيت مع من أمضيت أعداء الذاكرة سهرة ما قبل الأمس، فلا تقلقي، فهذا الأثر على الذاكرة يزول عند وقف العلاج.

-5 السفر بالطائرة أظهرت بعض الدراسات بأن طاقم الطائرة أكثر عرضة لمشاكل في الذاكرة، إلا أن هذه المشكلة قد تكون ناجمة بكل بساطة عن قلّة النوم.

-6 تردّي الذاكرة اعتباراً من سن العشرين بحسب إحدى الدراسات الأميركية، فإن الذاكرة تبدأ بالتراجع بشكل منتظم منذ انتهاء فترة المراهقة لا بل حتى قبل ذلك. مع ذلك، أثبتت الدراسة نفسها بأن المفردات وطلاقة الكلام يزدادان اعتباراً من سن السبعين.

-7 تعويض النوم ضروري للذاكرة يستفيد الدماغ من فترة الليل لفرز ما ينتجه النهار من ذكريات وتصنيفها، إذ تنظم الخلايا العصبية المعلومات المتلقاة في النهار خلال فترات نوم حركة العين السريعة. لذلك فإن تفويت أي من المرحلتين الليليتين الاثنتين أو الثلاث يؤدي إلى حدوث اضطراب شديد في الذاكرة. الدماغ ليس عضلة، وبالتالي لعب الكلمات المتقاطعة أو حفظ لوائح كلمات غيباً لن يساهم في "انتفاخ" ذاكرتك. مع ذلك، يحفّز العمل الفكري الذاكرة ويصونها: القراءة، والكتابة، والفهم، والتواصل، كل ذلك مفيد للحفاظ على القنوات العصبية في الذاكرة. فالخلية العصبية الكسولة تزول بشكل أسرع من الخلية المصانة.
 

 
الطفل الغيّور: كيف تتعاملين معه؟
 
الغيرة بين الأطفال هو ما يخشاه الأهل، بالرغم من أنه شعور طبيعي يساهم في بناء هوية كل منهم. إليك هذه النصائح من أجل تفادي أن يتحول الأمر إلى صراعات مستمرة.

غيرة الطفل ضرورية لبناء هويته

عندما يزداد عدد الأطفال في العائلة، يتكرر السؤال نفسه: كيف سيتعامل الأكبر سناً مع هذا الطفل الذي جاء ليسرق منه الأضواء؟ ومن ثم الأصغر سناً الذي، بينما يكبر، يحسد الأكبر على الحقوق والصلاحيات التي يتمتع بها؟ مع ذلك، لا يمكن محو الغيرة بسحر ساحر. فالغيرة سببها الحب والخوف من فقدان هذا الحساب لصالح آخر. فالأطفال الغيّورون يتساءلون ببساطة عن مكانهم في العائلة: هل ما زال والداي يكنّان لي الحب نفسه؟ ألا يفضلان شقيقي أو شقيقتي اللطيفة جداً، والبارعة في بعض المجالات؟ تلك هي الأسئلة، ولا سيما الأجوبة التي تصاحبها، التي ستسمح للطفل بتأكيد اختلافه والمطالبة بمكانه، شرط أن يتمكن من الإفصاح عن غيرته. لكن في كثير من يشعر .»سيئاً« العائلات تعتبر الغيرة أمراً الطفل الغيّور بالذنب، في حين من الأفضل تشجيعه على البوح بما يقلقه وفرض حدود على مزاحمة طبيعية يجب ألا تؤدي إلى حرب بين أفراد العائلة.

تقبل الاختلافات بين أولادك

لا تحاولي أن تشرحي لهم بأنه لا فارق بينهم وأنك تحبينهم جميعاً بالقدر عينه، الطفل الغيّور: كيف تتعاملين معه؟ ولا تحاولي أيضاً تقديم الشيء نفسه لكل منهم. يستحيل ذلك لأن لكل منهم حاجاته الخاصة، ناهيك عن أن ذلك لن يهدئ المزاحمة بينهم. بل على العكس، دعيهم يرون بأنه حين تهتمين بكل واحد بشكل مختلف عن الآخر وحين تشترين لهم أشياء مختلفة، فأنت تقرّين بذلك بفرادة كل منهم.

تمييز الأولاد

إياك ومقارنة شكلهم، أو سلوكهم، أو أدائهم عبر تجنب مثلاً استخدام عبارات أنت نسخة عن والدتك، هذا الشبل « :مثل وغيرها من العبارات »من ذاك الأسد التي تصنّفهم وتحرمهم بجانب مهم من شخصيتهم. في المقابل، يجب التشديد أنت « :بشكل إيجابي على نقاط القوة لديهم يا جاد تعشق الرسم وترسم ببراعة. أنت يا وعوضاً .»وليد تستخدم الليغو بشكل رائع عن التحدث إليهم كمجموعة، حاولي قدر الإمكان إتاحة مساحة تعبير فردية عبر المواظبة على تخصيص وقت على انفراد لكل منهم. لا تسجليهم في الأنشطة نفسها، بل نظمي عطلة يكون فيها الواحد بعيداً عن الآخر. وخلال هذه الهدنة، سيلاحظون أنهم يشتاقون لأحدهم الآخر!

الغيرة بين الأخ والأخت:

دعي أطفالك يكره بعضهم بعضاً دعيهم يكرهون بعضهم بعضا. تزول الغيرة والصراعات بمجرّد التعبير عنها. فإن سمح لهم بالتعبير بحرية عن مشاعرهم، سيزداد تقديرهم لذاتهم. لا توبخي الطفل نفسه دوماً، ولا تطلبي من الأكبر سناً أن يكون مثالاً يحتذى به، ولو أن كونه الأكبر سناً لا يعفيه من التوبيخ واللوم. لا تتدخلي على الدوام في صراعاتهم بل دعيهم يسوونها بأنفسهم، وهو أمر أسرع عموماً مما قد تتخيلين. إن حصل تشابك بينهما وكان لا بد من التدخل، لا تلعبي دور الحكم، بل عاقبي الاثنين على الضرب الذي تبادلانه، فذلك يعزز روح التضامن لديهما.
 

 
What Causes Chronic Sinusitis
 
Do you have congestion, tenderness around the eyes and cheeks, and a reduced sense of smell? You might be one of million people living with chronic sinusitis.

Chronic sinusitis is a common condition that causes the cavities around the nasal passages to become inflamed. Though it’s normal for sinuses to become inflamed from time to time, if your sinuses are inflamed for more than eight weeks, it could be considered a chronic sinus condition. There are a few conditions that can cause sinuses to become blocked for weeks at a time, including:

- Nasal Polyps – Nasal polyps are small tissue growths that might block the nasal passages and sinuses.

- Allergies – A lot of people who have allergic reactions to common ailments, such as pollen, mold, and ragweeds, might also experience chronic sinusitis symptoms.

- Deviated Septum – A deviated septum is a condition in which the nasal septum is crooked. This can cause different issues, including difficulty breathing and chronic sinusitis.

- Trauma to the face – A broken facial bone could cause the sinuses to become blocked, which will eventually lead to recurring sinus problems.

- Complications from pre-existing medical conditions – Complications with conditions such as cystic fibrosis or other iimmune-system-relateddiseases may result in nasal blockage.

Are There Treatment Options for Chronic Sinusitis?

The most common treatment options include:

Saline nasal irrigation; Decongestants ; Oral or injected corticosteroids ; Immunotherapy (Only if allergies are the cause); Surgery (If you have large nasal polyps that need to be removed) ;
 

 
المنافع الصحية للمغنيزيوم
 
المغنيزيوم من المعادن التي يحتاجها جسمك للعمل بشكل صحيح. فهو يسهّل المئات من الوظائف الجسدية المهمة، بما فيها تلك التي تتحكم بعمل العضلات والأعصاب، ويساعد في الحفاظ على قوّة العظام، وصحّة القلب، وعلى مستوى سكّر في الدم طبيعي. يساعد أيضاً في تعزيز مستوى الطاقة في الجسم. يمكن الحصول على المغنيزيوم من الكثير من الأطعمة والمشروبات. لكن إن ارتأى طبيبك بأنك بحاجة إلى المزيد، قد يصف لك مكمّلات.

كميّة المغنيزيوم الضرورية

تحتاج المرأة البالغة حوالي 310 ملغ من المغنيزيوم في اليوم، و320 ملغ بعد سن الثلاثين. أمّا النساء الحوامل، فيحتجن إلى 40 ملغ إضافية. في المقابل، يحتاج الرجال البالغون ما دون الواحدة والثلاثين من العمر 400 ملغ و420 ملغ إن كانوا أكبر سناً. أمّا الكمية التي يحتاجها الأطفال في أي مكان فتتراوح بين 30 و410 ملغ، بحسب سنّهم وجنسهم. لذلك يجب التحدّث إلى طبيب الأطفال بخصوص الكمية التي يحتاجها طفلك.

هل كمية المغنيزيوم التي نحصل عليها كافية؟ إن النظام الغذائي لنصف الأميركيين تقريبا ًلا يحتوي على كمية كافية من المغنيزيوم. وبالتالي انخفاض مستويات هذا المعدن قد يعدّ العدّة لبعض المشاكل الصحية منها السكّري من النوع الثاني، وارتفاع ضغط الدم، والصداع النصفي. يفتقر إليه كبار السن، والمدمنون على الكحول، والمصابون بالسكّري من النوع الثاني أو بمشاكل في الجهاز الهضمي، إما بسبب تصريف أجسامهم كميات كبيرة من المغنيزيوم أو لأنهم لا يحصلون أساساً على ما يكفي منه.

هل يمكن أن تكون الكمية التي نحصل عليها أكبر من اللازم؟ إن كان المرء معافىً، تقوم الكليتان بتصريف كمية المغنيزيوم الزائدة الموجودة في الأطعمة. مع ذلك، قد تؤدّي كميات مفرطة منه إلى حدوث تشنّجات أو غثيان. ينطبق ذلك أيضاً على المسهّلات أو مضادات الأسيد التي تحتوي على المغنيزيوم. فتناول جرعات كبيرة من هذا المعدن قد يسبب المرض الشديد. لذلك، يجب استشارة الطبيب بخصوص مكمّلات المغنيزيوم، لأن بعض الحالات الصحية مثل الوهن العضلي الوبيل (myasthenia gravis) قد تتفاقم في حال تناول تلك المكملات.

المنافع الصحية للمغنيزيوم تقوية العظام يستخدم الجسم المغنيزيوم لبناء خلايا عظمية جديدة. بحسب بعض الأبحاث، يقي المغنيزيوم من فقدان العظام، وتكسّرها، وترققها. تظهر الدراسات بأن معدّل المغنيزيوم لدى النساء المصابات بترقق العظام أقل منه لدى المعافات.

محاربة الالتهاب الالتهاب هو رد فعل جهاز المناعة على أي أذى محتمل. يساعد المغنيزيوم على المدى القصير جسمك على محاربة الفيروسات وشفاء الجروح. لكن إن كنت تعاني من الالتهاب طوال الوقت، فقد يؤدي ذلك إلى مشاكل صحية مثل مرض القلب، والتهاب المفاصل، والسكّري. قد يساعد المغنيزيوم أيضاً على منع حدوث ذلك .

حماية القلب يساعد المغنيزيوم قلبك على ضخ الدم. فالمعدّلات المناسبة من هذا المعدن قد تقلّص احتمالات عدم انتظام نبضات القلب، أو الإصابة بمرض القلب، أو بأزمة قلبية. يقوم المغنيزيوم بإرخاء جدران الأوعية الدموية، وقد يساعد على خفض ضغط الدم في الشرايين. هذا ويساعد على تعزيز مستوى الكولستيرول النافع في الجسم. .

الوقاية من الصداع النصفي يساعد المغنيزيوم، برأي الخبراء، على منع أو خفض المواد الكيماوية الخاصة بالألم في الدماغ ويمنع تضيّق الأوعية الدموية. يزداد بالتالي احتمال الإصابة بالصداع النصفي في حال عدم الحصول على ما يكفي منه. لذلك، يمكن الاستعانة بمكمّلات منه لإبعاد أوجاع الرأس هذه. .

خفض احتمال الإصابة بالسكّري يساعد المغنيزيوم هرمون الأنسولين على العمل بشكل صحيح. يذكر أن الأنسولين يحافظ على ثبات مستوى السكّر في الدم. فقد أظهرت إحدى الدراسات بأن الأشخاص الذين يحتوي نظامهم الغذائي على الكثير من المغنيزيوم أقل عرضة للإصابة بالمرض من أولئك الذين لا يحصلون على ما يكفي منه. .

مصادر المغنيزيوم

ا لمكسّرات والبذور يسمح تناول حوالي 28 غراماً من اللوز أو الكاجو بالحصول على 80 ملغ تقريباً من المغنيزيوم. ومن الخيارات الأخرى المفيدة أيضاً بذور اليقطين، وبذور دوار الشمس، والفستق السوداني، والكتّان التي يمكن نثرها على السلطة أو تناولها على شكل خليط.

الحبوب الكاملة عندما يتعلّق الأمر بالتغذية، تتفوق الحبوب الكاملة على الخبز الأبيض والأطعمة المصنّعة. فهي لا تحتوي على الكثير من الألياف فحسب، إنما أيضاً على كمية عالية من المغنيزيوم.

الأفوكادو يعتبر الأفوكادو، سواءً كان مشرّحاً، أو مقطّعاً إلى مكعبات، أو مهروساً، من المصادر الغنية بالمغنيزيوم. فكوب واحد من هذه الفاكهة مقطّعة يختزن 44 ملغ من المغنيزيوم، هذا فضلاً عن احتوائها على الدهون، والألياف، ومادة الفولات المفيدة للقلب.

الخضروات ذات الأوراق الداكنة إليك سبب آخر لضرورة تناولك الخضار. فكوب من السبانخ المطبوخ أو السلق السويسري يزوّدك بحوالي 150 ملغ من المغنيزيوم. توجد، إلى جانب هاتين المادّتين المهمّتين، مصادر أخرى غنية بالمغنيزيوم، وهي الخضروات ذات الأوراق الداكنة مثل الكرنب واللفت، بالإضافة إلى كونها غنيّة بالكالسيوم والبوتاسيوم والحديد والفيتامينات A وC وK. ليس بالضرورة أن تكون الخضار كلّها ورقية، فالبامية، على سبيل المثال، تعتبر غنية بالمغنيزيوم.

منتجات الصويا يعتبر فول الصويا من المواد الأساسية بالنسبة إلى النباتيين لاحتوائه على البروتين النباتي، هذا فضلاً عن كونه مصدراً غنية بالمغنيزيوم. فكوب من حليب الصويا يحتوي على حوالي 60 ملغ منه، بينما يحتوي نصف كوب من التوفو على حوالي 50 ملغ. هناك أيضاً التمبي المصنوعة من فول الصويا المخمّرة، والإدامامية، وزبادي الصويا.

الفاصولياء نصف كوب من الفاصولياء السوداء يحتوي على 60 ملغ، ومن الفاصولياء الحمراء على 35 ملغ من المغنيزيوم . ونذكر من البقول الأخرى الغنية بالمغنيزيوم الحمص، والفاصولياء البيضاء، والعدس. هذا ويمكن إضافة الفاصولياء إلى المأكولات المطبوخة والسلطة إلى أي طبق تقريباً. وبذلك تحصل على جرعة إضافية من الألياف والبروتين والحديد والزنك.

التفاعلات مع الأدوية استشر طبيبك قبل تناول مكمّلات مغنيزيوم، واحرص على إخباره بكل ما تتناوله من أدوية ذلك أن بعض الأدوية قد تصعّب عملية امتصاص المغنيزيوم في الجسم. وقد تؤدي بعض مكمّلات المغنيزيوم إلى الحد من فعالية بعض المضادات الحيوية وأدوية ترقق العظام.
 

 
Foods That Fight Bacteria and Kill Germs Naturally
 
Honey is one of the first natural anti-microbial medicines to be used. It contains live enzymes that release hydrogen peroxide, which is known to kill germs and unwanted foreign elements that enter our body. Start your day with a teaspoon of honey and warm water.

Garlic is a powerful anti-bacterial that can fight yeast infections, fungus and candida overgrowth. It may taste repulsive but a traditional remedy to maintain health and protect yourself from diseases is to have raw garlic on an empty stomach. Garlic contains a natural protective compound called allicin and other volatile oils, which are released on chewing and crushing it.

Lemon The anti-bacterial and ant-fungal properties of lemon enable it to fight bacteria that cause acne. It is full of Vitamin C, which also acts as an antioxidant that fights disease-causing free radicals in the body. You must drink a glass of nimbu paani made with the juice of two lemons to get your daily dose of Vitamin C.

Pineapple You may have not known about the health benefits of this sweet and juicy tropical fruit, but it acts as an amazing anti-bacterial that specially helps to fight invading cells in the mouth and throat. Fresh pineapple juice is known to cool the blood and reduce inflammation of the nose and the sinuses.

Ginger Ginger is an effective home remedy for throat infections. Sucking a piece of raw ginger and taking in all its juices is known to cure cough and kill the bacteria that has caused the infection. Ginger also contains a group of chemical compounds called sesquiterpene that are known to kill rhinoviruses, agents that cause cold.

Turmeric This super spice from granny’s treasure trove has become the talk of the town owing to its medicinal properties. Turmeric has always been known as a great antiseptic used to heal wounds and cuts, but it is also a wonderful anti-bacterial that keeps your internal systems clean. Drinking a glass of turmeric milk (haldi doodh) every day is one of the best ways to bolster your immunity.

Coconut Oil The anti-bacterial properties of coconut oil come from the presence of medium chain fatty acids or triglycerides (MCTs) found in it. The two most potent medium chain triglycerides found in coconut oil are lauric acid and caprylic acid. Research has shown that it can inactivate several types of bacteria, fungi, yeast and viruses. It is a great remedy to fight skin infections.
 

 
Allergic Asthma الربو الأرجي
 
يعتبر الربو الأرجي من أكثر أنواع الربو شيوعاً. يعاني حوالى 90 % من الأطفال المصابين بالربو خلال الطفولة من الأرجية، مقارنةً بنحو 50 % من البالغين المصابين بالربو. تظهر عوارض الربو الأرجي بعد تنشّق مواد مثيرة للحساسية، أو ما يسمّى بالمستأرجات، مثل غبار الطلع، أو عث الغبار، أو العفن. فإن كنت تعاني من الربو، الأرجي منه أو خلافه، تتفاقم النوبة عادةً بعد ممارسة التمارين في جو بارد أو بعد تنشق دخان، أو غبار، وقد تصاب بنوبة ربو أيضاً في بعض الأحيان عند وجود رائحة قوية. من المهم أن يعرف المصابون بالربو الأرجي المواد التي تثيره وأن يتعلّموا كيفية الوقاية من نوبة ربو ذلك لأن المستأرجات منتشرة في كل مكان.

ما هو المستأرج أو المادة التي تسبب الحساسية؟

تقضي وظيفة جهاز المناعة لديك بحمايتك من الجراثيم والفيروسات، لكن إن كنت تعاني من الحساسية ، سيبذل جزء من جهازك المناعي جهداً فائقاً، مهاجماً المواد غير المؤذية مثل زغب القطة أو غبار الطلع في أنفك، ورئتيك، وعينيك، وتحت بشرتك. عندما يصادف جسمك مستأرجاً، يفرز مواد كيماوية تسمّى أجساماً مضادة من نوع مثل الهيستامين الذي ،E الغلوبين المناعي يسبب تورّماً والتهاباً، مما يحدث عوارض شائعة مثل سيلان الأنف، والحكاك في العينين، والعطاس وذلك أثناء محاولة جسمك التخلّص من المستأرج .

ما هو الربو الأرجي؟ .

عند الإصابة بالربو الأرجي، تصبح المسالك الهوائية شديدة الحساسية تجاه بعض المستأرجات التي يحدث جهازك المناعي رد فعل مفرط تجاهها بمجرّد دخولها الجسم. فتصبح العضلات حول المسالك الهوائية مشدودة، وتلتهب المجاري وتفيض مع الوقت بالمخاط السميك. سواءً كنت تعاني من الربو الأرجي أو من أي نوع آخر، فإن العوارض هي نفسها عموماً، مثل: السعال؛ الأزيز؛ ضيق النفس؛ التنفّس السريع؛ ضيق في الصدر.

أسباب الربو الأرجي الشائعة

من ضمن المستأرجات الصغيرة بما يكفي لاستنشاقها في الرئتين: - غبار الطلع من الأشجار، والعشب، والحشيش والتي تُنقل عبر الرياح؛ أبواغ وجزيئات العفن؛ زغب الحيوانات )من الوبر، أو الجلد، أو الريش( ولعابها؛ براز عث الغبار؛ براز الصراصير. الجدير بالذكر أن نوبة الربو الأرجي لا تتفاقم بفعل المستأرجات وحدها. فهناك مواد تحدث نوبة ربو دون أن تتسبب برد فعل أرجي، منها: دخان السجائر، أو الموقد، أو الشمع، أو البخور.
 

 
مشاكل الغدة الدرقية: ما هي عوارضها؟
 
زيادة في الوزن، عصبية، تعب، مشاكل في الذاكرة، كل هذه العوارض قد تشير إلى وجود مشكلة فرط نشاط الغدة الدرقية أو قصورها. تفرز الغدة الدرقية هرمونات ضرورية للجسم برمّته. فما هي أعراض مشاكل الغدة الدرقية؟ ومتى تستدعي هذه الأعراض القلق؟

تعب مستمر مرتبط بمشاكل في النوم - يعتبر التعب من أولى العوارض التي تشير إلى وجود مشكلة في الغدة الدرقية، حيث يشكّل الوهن أحد العوارض في 99% من حالات فرط الغدة الدرقية. فإن كنت تشعر بتعب مزمن دون وجود مؤشر إلى عدوى، وإن كنت تشعر بالخمول وتجد صعوبة كبيرة في بدء نهارك بنشاط، قد تكون مصاباً بفرط نشاط الغدة الدرقية. يعتبر التعب العضلي أيضاً من عوارض فرط نشاط الغدة الدرقية، ويتزامن مع مشاكل في النوم كالأرق ذلك أن- الجسم يكون في حالة نشاط مفرط. يشار إلى أن قصور الغدة الدرقية يتصف بنقص في الغدد الدرقية في الجسم، إذ أن الغدّة لا تعمل بشكل كافٍ ويبدأ بالتالي عمل الجسم من أعضاء، وأنسجة، وغدد، إلخ بالتباطؤ. أمّا في حالة فرط نشاط الغدة، فالعكس صحيح.

شعر جاف، ومقصّف، وبشرة جافة إن أولى عوارض اضطرابات الغدة الدرقية هي تلك التي تغيّر المظهر الجسدي. ففي حالة قصور الغدة أو فرط نشاطها، يتكسّر الشعر ويصبح جافاً ويبدأ بالتساقط. في 97٪ من حالات قصور الغدّة، تكون البشرة جافة، وتصفرّ لا بل يميل لونها إلى الرمادي. ينتفخ الوجه ولا سيما عند المنطقة المحيطة بالعينين والذقن وذلك في 55٪ من الحالات، وتصبح الملامح أقل بروزاً. قد تظهر تجاعيد قبل أوانها، مصحوبة أحياناً باضطرابات جلدية أخرى مثل الأكزيما، وحب الشباب، وغيرها. ذلك نتيجة تراكم الدهون والأوساخ التي لم يتم تصريفها من الأنسجة بسبب انخفاض هرمونات الغدة الدرقية في الجسم. قد يلاحظ أيضاً في بعض الأحيان ظهور تضخم عند أسفل العنق. هذا وقد تصبح الأظافر لدى المصابين بقصور الغدّة مخددة، ورخوة قبل أن تتكسّر، ويصبح الحاجبان أقل كثافة.

حساسية تجاه البرودة أو تعرّق مفرط تشكّل التغييرات في حرارة الجسم جزءاً من العوارض الأكثر شيوعاً من مشكلة الغدة الدرقية. ففي 90٪ من حالات قصور الغدّة ، يشعر المريض بحساسية تجاه البرودة. إلى ذلك، تكون حرارة المصابين بقصور الغدّة الدرقية أكثر انخفاضاً مما هي عادةً، وأطرافهم (الأنف، وأصابع اليدين والقدمين) باردة. وعندما تنخفض الحرارة ما دون الـ36,1 درجة مئوية، هناك إذن احتمال كبير بأن يكون المرء مصاباً بقصور الغدّة. أمّا إن كانت الحرارة أكثر ارتفاعاً، فقد نكون أمام حالة فرط نشاط الغدة الدرقية أو عدوى طفيفة. في حالة فرط نشاط الغدة، ترتفع حرارة الجلد، ويتعرّق الجسم لأقل جهد وتصبح اليدين رطبتين.

تسارع مفاجئ في نبضات القلب عندما ينبض القلب بشكل متكرر، أو بالأحرى دائماً، بمقدار 85 أو 90 نبضة في الدقيقة في وضع الراحة، دون التعرّض لصدمة انفعالية معيّنة أو نشاط بدني معيّن، قد تكون هناك مشكلة في الغدّة. وتسرّع القلب من الأعراض الحاضرة دوماً في حالة فرط نشاط الغدة الدرقية. يترافق هذا التسارع في النبضات أحياناً، في حالة فرط نشاط الغدة الدرقية، مع ارتفاع في ضغط الدم الشرياني، أو بالأحرى مع انقباضات غير متناسقة في القلب. حذار: في حال عدم معالجة هذه المشكلة التي تسببها الغدّة على يد طبيب، قد يصاب المريض باختلال دائم في النظم القلبي.

حالة اكتئاب متواصلة دون سبب قد تؤثر مشاكل الغدة الدرقية أيضاً على الجهاز العصبي. ففي حالة قصور الغدّة، قد يشعر المرء بالكآبة، والعصبية، والقلق، وعدم الاستقرار العاطفي، ويبكي دون سبب. «إن طرأت هذه العوارض مرّتين في السنة، فالمشكلة لا علاقة لها بالغدة الدرقية. أمّا في حال تكررت من دون سبب فيزيولوجي وإن ظهرت ثلاثة أو أربعة عوارض أخرى خاصة بمشاكل الغدة الدرقية، فلا بد من زيارة الطبيب. عندها، يجب إجراء فحص دم (الهرمون المنشط للدرقية، وثلاثي يود الثيرونين، والثيروكسين) للتأكد مما إذا كانت الغدّة تعمل بشكل صحيح. يشار إلى أن نقص ثلاثي يود الثيرونين، من هرمونات الدرقية، يضر بالاستقرار العاطفي وقد يؤدي إلى الاكتئاب. مع ذلك، يجب الانتباه في هذه الحالة من تناول بعض مضادات الاكتئاب التي تحتوي على الفلور، مثل Prozac®، كونها تفاقم حالة الاكتئاب، ذلك أن الفلور يكبح وظيفة الغدة الدرقية التي لا تعمل أساساً بكامل فعاليتها. في حالة فرط نشاط الغدّة، يصاب المرء بالقلق، ويتقلّب المزاج، وقد يؤدي هذا الاختلال الهرموني إلى الاكتئاب. تطرأ العصبية مصحوبة بالقلق وسرعة الغضب لدى 61 ٪ من حالات قصور الغدّة الناجمة عن داء بازدوف، و35٪ حالات قصور الغدة الناجمة عن الدرنات السامة.

زيادة كثيفة في الوزن بالرغم من ضعف الشهية يفقد الأشخاص المصابون بفرط نشاط الغدة الدرقية الوزن في 79 ٪ من الحالات الناجمة عن داء بازدوف وفي 55 ٪ من حالات فرط نشاط الدرقية الناجمة عن درنة أو تضخم سام. هذا الانخفاض في الوزن من المفارقات ذلك أن المرضى يأكلون أكثر من المعتاد، وبالتالي غالباً ما ينخفض الوزن بعدّة كيلوغرامات في أسبوع واحد. أمّا في حالة قصور الغدة، فيحدث العكس، بحيث يزداد الوزن في 60٪ من الحالات بالرغم من ضعف الشهية. يلاحظ أحياناً أيضاً انخفاض في مستوى السكّر بسبب اختلال عمل الكبد، واحتباس الماء نتيجة تباطؤ عملية الأيض. لقصور الغدّة أسباب عدّة منها استئصال الغدّة الدرقية بطبيعة الحال، وأيضاً نقص اليود، أو أحد أمراض المناعة الذاتية، أو تغيرات على مستوى الهرمونات أثناء الحمل، وانقطاع فترة الطمث مثلاً. قد يشكّل أيضاً جزءاً من آثار ثانوية لبعض الأدوية مثل الليثيوم، ومحصرات مستقبل بيتا، والإنترفيرون، ومضادات الهستامين، وغيرها.

فقدان متكرر للذاكرة قد يشير فقدان الذاكرة على المدى القصير، والمشاكل في التركيز إلى قصور الغدّة، هذا فضلاً عن عملية استدلال عقلي أبطأ وتشوّش الدماغ. يلاحظ أيضاً تباطؤ في الكلام لدى 90٪ من حالات قصور الغدّة. فنطق الكلمات يصبح تدريجياً أكثر فأكثر صعوبةً، بحيث يتلعثم المرء في تركيب الجمل وينتهي به الأمر إلى التمتمة. كل ذلك نتيجة تراجع معدّل الهرمونات الدرقية، وهكذا يتباطأ عمل الدماغ.

مشاكل متكررة في العضلات والمفاصل يتسبب قصور الغدّة بمشاكل عدّة للعضلات، والمفاصل، والأربطة. فيبدأ الجسم بالتشنّج، وتظهر مشاكل على مستوى تنسيق الحركات، ويصاب المرء بدوار. كل هذه المشاكل ناتجة من تراكم السوائل في العضلات، والأربطة، والأنسجة، بحيث تراوح الأوساخ والسموم مكانها فيها. كل ذلك سببه النقص في الهرمونات الدرقية. تميل الأربطة أيضاً إلى التراخي، فتضعف معها الركبتان، وتتسطح القدمان ناهيك عن انحراف العمود الفقري جانبياً والتواء المفاصل. وهكذا، يقف المرء بشكل محني، ويفقد مقاومة عضلاته، ويتعثر، وتتضاعف لديه التشنجات العضلية. تتأثر الأعصاب أيضاً نتيجة تباطؤ الدورة الدموية، ويشعر المرء بخدر وإحساس بالوخز. هذا وتظهر متلازمة النفق الرسغي في كل ستة حالات من قصور الدرقية من أصل عشرة. قد يتسبب فرط الغدة الدرقية، من جهته، في 40 ٪ من الحالات في ارتعاشات طفيفة، إنما أيضاً شبه دائمة. يشار إلى أن فرط نشاط الغدة الدرقية أقل شيوعاً قصورها. حذار من اللجوء إلى مضادات التهاب شديدة المفعول في حال الشعور بآلام مفصلية أو عضلية ناجمة عن قصور الغدة، لكونها تعيق عمل الغدّة وتحدث اضطراباً في عملية الأيض، مما يؤدي إلى تراجع المناعة، وفقدان الطاقة، والشعور بالضيق.
 

 
الجلوس طويلا يجلب الأمراض
 
قال أستاذ علم الوبائيات والطب الوقائي الألماني ميشائيل لايتسمان إن الجلوس طويلا لا يتسبب في متاعب الظهر فحسب، بل يرفع أيضا خطر الإصابة بالسكري وأمراض القلب والدورة الدموية والسرطان والاكتئاب. وأوضح لايتسمان أن الجلوس يحفز الشهية على سبيل المثال، وقد يتسبب في ارتفاع نسبة السكر بالدم، ويؤثر بالسلب على أيض سكر الدم. لذا ينبغي على الأشخاص -الذين يجلسون طويلا بحكم طبيعة عملهم كموظفي العمل المكتبي مثلا- الحرص على ممارسة الرياضة والأنشطة الحركية بانتظام، بمعدل 150 دقيقة (أنشطة حركية معتدلة) أو 75 دقيقة (رياضة) أسبوعيا، استنادا إلى توصيات منظمة الصحة العالمية. ومن الأفكار البسيطة لدمج الأنشطة الحركية بالحياة اليومية صعود الدرج بدلا من استخدام المصعد، وصفّ السيارة بعيدا بعض الشيء عن مكان العمل، أو النزول في المحطة السابقة لمحطة الوصول وقطع المسافة المتبقية سيرا على الأقدام. كما أن الجلوس‬ ‫في السيارة طويلا - وخلال رحلات السفر الطويلة - يرفع خطر‬ ‫الإصابة بجلطة الساق. ‫وللوقاية ينبغي الإكثار من السوائل أثناء الرحلة‬، ‫وعدم وضع قدم على قدم أثناء الجلوس، بالإضافة إلى أخذ فترات راحة منتظمة‬ ‫مع النزول من السيارة وممارسة بعض الأنشطة الحركية كالجري في المكان‬ ‫وممارسة تمارين القرفصاء، وذلك للحيلولة دون تجلط الدم في أوردة‬ ‫الساقين.‬
 

 
الماموغرام قد يضر أكثر مما ينفع بعض النساء
قالت دراسة طبية حديثة إن النساء اللواتي ينخفض لديهن خطر الإصابة بسرطان الثدي، قد يكون من الأفضل عدم إجراء فحص روتيني لهن. وأجرى الدراسة باحثون بقيادة الدكتورة نورا باشيان، وهي طبيبة وباحثة في الصحة العامة في كلية لندن الجامعية، ونشرت في دورية «جاما أونكولوجي» JAMA Oncology . هناك عوامل ترتبط برفع خطر سرطان الثدي، منها -على سبيل المثال لا الحصر- وجود طفرات جينية في جينات BRCA1 و BRCA2، وأن تكون المرأة قد بدأت لديها الدورة الشهرية قبل عمر 12 عاما، والحمل المتأخر أو عدم الحمل، وأن يبدأ انقطاع الطمث بعد سن 55، والخمول البدني وزيادة الوزن أو السمنة. ومن عوامل الخطر أن يكون نسيج الثدي لدى المرأة كثيفا، ووجود سيرة عائلية للإصابة بسرطان الثدي، وشرب الخمر. أما إذا لم تكن هذه العوامل موجودة لدى المرأة فتصنف أن خطر الإصابة بسرطان الثدي لديها منخفض. ووجدت الدراسة أن عدم إجراء فحص الثدي بالأشعة «الماموغرام» على النساء اللواتي ينخفض لديهن خطر سرطان الثدي، يمكن أن يقلل من الضرر المرتبط بالفحص، بينما لا يزيد بشكل كبير عدد حالات سرطان الثدي الفعلية التي لا يتم كشفها.

ويأتي هذا من حقيقة أن الفحص غير الضروري قد يؤدي إلى تشخيص تكتل أو نتوء غير مؤذٍ في الثدي بشكل غير صحيح على أنه سرطان، مما يجعل المرأة تخضع لجراحة أو علاج كيميائي أو إشعاعي لسرطان غير موجود في الحقيقة. وتوصي جمعية السرطان الأميركية النساء اللواتي تتراوح أعمارهن بين 45 و 54 سنة بإجراء فحص للثدي بالأشعة «الماموغرام»، ثم مرة كل سنتين بعد هذه العمر.
 

 
L’addiction aux jeux vidéo est désormais reconnue comme une maladie
L’Organisation mondiale de la santé a reconnu que l’addiction aux jeux vidéo était une véritable maladie. Les joueurs compulsifs pourront obtenir des soins.

Les joueurs compulsifs ne pouvant décrocher de leur console pourront prochainement se faire soigner. Lundi, l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) a reconnu que l’addiction aux jeux vidéo constituait une maladie à part entière. Certains joueurs peuvent passer des journées et des nuits entières à jouer, oubliant même de se nourrir et de dormir. Le directeur du département de la Santé mentale et des toxicomanies de l’organisme international, Shekhar Saxena, a déclaré qu’en conséquence, « après avoir consulté des experts dans le monde entier, et avoir examiné la littérature de manière exhaustive, nous avons décidé que ce trouble devait être ajouté.

Pour établir le diagnostic, ce comportement extrême doit avoir des conséquences sur les « activités personnelles, familiales, sociales, éducatives, professionnelles », et « en principe, se manifester clairement sur une période d’au moins 12 mois ». La personne joue tellement que d’autres centres d’intérêt et activités sont délaissés, y compris le sommeil et les repas. Ces joueurs compulsifs sont incapables de se détacher de leur ordinateur, appareil mobile ou console de jeu, au point d’abandonner toute vie sociale et de mettre en danger leur santé, mentale et/ou physique.
 

 
Le Centre Hospitalier Universitaire LAU Medical Center – Rizk Hospital a tenu une Journée de Formation en collaboration avec la Société Libanaise d’Obstétrique et de Gynécologie organisée par le Collège National des Gynécologues Obstétricien
 
La formation a couvert les thèmes suivants:

Syndrome transfuseur-transfusé, traitement par fœtoscopie. Hanane Bouchghoul MD; Maternité CHU Kremlin-Bicêtre
Urgences obstétricales I: quoi de neuf en 2018? Paul Berveiller MD, PhD; CHU Poissy Saint-Germain
Urgences obstétricales II: quoi de neuf en 2018?  Paul Berveiller MD, PhD; CHU Poissy Saint-Germain
Décompensation fœtale, thérapie in utero.   Hanane Bouchghoul MD; Maternité CHU Kremlin-Bicêtre
 

 
عرق النسا Sciatica
 
علاج عرق النسا: البرد والحرارة
يمكنك اتخاذ هذه الخطوات في المنزل لتخفيف ألم عرق النسا. من المفيد استخدام كمّادة ساخنة أو كمّادة ثلجية بهذا الخصوص. ضع الكمّادة الساخنة أو الثلجية لمدّة 20 دقيقة تقريباً كل ساعتين. حدّد أيهما أفضل في تخفيف الألم، أو حاول استخدامهما بشكل تبادلي.

علاج عرق النسا: الأدوية تساعد الأدوية المسكّنة التي تباع دون وصفة طبية على تخفيف ألم عرق النسا لفترة قصيرة. من ضمن الخيارات، يمكن اللجوء إلى أدوية الأسيتامينوفين ومضادات الالتهاب اللاستيرويدية، مثل الأسبيرين، والإيبوبروفين، والنابروكسين. قد يعطيك الطبيب أدوية أخرى لتخفيف الالتهاب .

الوقاية من عرق النسا إن أصبت مرّة بعرق النسا، فهناك احتمال أن تصاب به مرّةً أخرى. لكن هناك خطوات يمكنك اتخاذها للحد من هذا الاحتمال، مثل ممارسة الرياضة بانتظام، والحفاظ على وضعية جيّدة، وثني الركبتين عند رفع الأشياء الثقيلة. قد تساعدك هذه الخطوات على تفادي إصابات الظهر التي قد تؤدي إلى عرق النسا.
 

 
Les bracelets connectés qui boostent votre santé
Un bracelet discret qui mesure la qualité de votre sommeil et enregistre votre nombre de pas dans la journée, vous n’y croyez pas ? Et pourtant, cet objet existe bel et bien.

Ce bracelet enregistre vos données et les synchronise automatiquement avec votre smartphone (iOS et Android). Il vous est alors possible de visualiser, jour après jour, la représentation détaillée de votre sommeil et celle de votre activité physique. Si vous prenez la peine de noter les ingrédients qui composent vos repas, vous bénéficiez également d’un compteur de calories et d’un suivi de la qualité nutritionnelle de votre alimentation.

Atteignez-vous les 10 000 pas par jour, comme le recommande l’OMS ? Dormez-vous suffisamment chaque nuit ? Vos cycles de sommeil sont-ils optimaux ? Vérifiez-le et laissez le bracelet vous suggérer des pistes d’amélioration...

Le plus : Il encourage vraiment à marcher plus et à dormir mieux.

Les moins : La connexion Bluetooth est gourmande avec la batterie du smartphone.

Le bracelet craint l’eau.
 

 
طرق سهلة للتخلص من السيلوليت
 
تعاني نسبة كبيرة من النساء من السيلوليت ، والذي يعرف بأنه خلايا دهنية تتسرب تحت الجلد ، لتظهر على هيئة انتفاخ وتجاعيد متعرجة تأخذ شكل قشرة البرتقال ، وتظهر هذه التجاعيد في منطقة البطن ، الأرداف ، والفخذين، ويظهر السيلوليت عند النساء بنسبة أكبر من الرجال ، حيث ينتج السيلوليت عن هرمونات الإستروجين ، والبروجيستيرون ، أن هرمون الاستروجين يؤدي لمشكلة في الأنسجة خلال تكوين الخلايا الدهنية ، كما ان هرمون البروجيستيرون يعمل على ضعف الأوردة واحتباس السوائل بالجسم وزيادة الوزن ، هذا بالإضافة للحمل ، الإجهاد ، ممارسة الرياضة والتدليك القاسي ، التدخين ، والوراثة ، وهو ما يفسر امكانية التخلص من السيلوليت بتغيير بعض من أنماط الحياة مثل تعديل النظام الغذائي ، ممارسة الرياضة وغيرها. كما أن هناك بعض العلاجات الحديثة التي يمكن اتباعها للتخلص من السيلوليت والحصول على جسم متناسق مشدود .

إليك بعض النصائح:

شرب الماء: يعتبر الماء أفضل وأرخص علاج للتخلص من السيلوليت فالماء يساعد على تفكيك الدهن ولكن وفقا للخبراء فأن أكل الماء أفضل من شربه! يساعد الماء على التخلص من الملح الفائض عن جسمك. كما أن أكل الأطعمة الغنية بالماء هو طريق أكثر فعالية لتقليل من السيلوليت، فحاولي تناول البطيخ والشمام قدر الإمكان.

التعرق: التمرين طريق فعال للتخلص من السيلوليت والدهون أيضا. لكن سر التمرين الحقيقي يكمن في الحركات الصحيحة. حاولي التركيز على منطقة الأفخاذ والذراعين.

إزالة الشحوم: إذا كنت تملكين المال والعزيمة فأسهل طريقة للتخلص من السيلوليت يمكن أن تكون في جيبك! يمكن الاستعانة ببعض الأجهزة الحديثة لعلاج السيلوليت، تخلص الجسم من الشحوم، يدخل بها تقنيات الليزر مع الإنتراسونيك مع الإنفراريد حيث يقوم الجهاز بفتح الدورة الدموية وتكسير الدهون في نفس الوقت.

التدليك للتخلص من السيلوليت ان التدليك الذاتي مفيد للتخلص من السيلوليت، ويتم الأمر بإمساك الجلد بين الإبهام والسبابة ومن ثم فتله، وتسمح هذه المناورة بطرد السوائل المتكوّمة. وتتم العملية مرتين أسبوعياً لمدة خمسة أسابيع، ومن ثم يُثابر عليها بمعدل مرة كل أسبوع أو أسبوعين للحفاظ على النتيجة.

احرصي على أن يكون جسمك رطباً قبل البدء بجلسات المساج، واستخدمي الزيوت لتسهيل عملية التدليك فيمكنك استخدام زيت اللافندر أو اللوز، حيث تعتبر جميع هذه الأنواع الأفضل كمضادات للسيلوليت. • استخدمي السبابة والإبهام في عمل المساج الخاص ب”السيلوليت”، ثم استخدمي التمسيد والتمليس كمرحلتين أساسيتين في عمل التدليك حيث يعملان على تخليص الجسم من السوائل والعوامل الضارة.

• استخدمي رؤوس أصابعك ببطء ولطف عند القيام بعمل التمسيد، وفي مرحلة التمليس استخدمي راحة اليد بدلا من الأصابع مع بدأ التدليك بعملية التمسيد.

• عند القيام بعملية التمليس اضغطي بشكل أقوى وأعمق على جيوب السموم الموجودة أسفل الجلد دون أن تقبضي على الجلد، ثم كرري هذه الخطوة أكثر من مرة للحصول على أفضل النتائج.

الكافيين: استعملي حبوب القهوة المجروشة مع أي كريم مرطب لفرك جسمك أو أي منطقة تعاني من السيلوليت للتقليل من ظهوره والتخلص منه أو يمكنك استخدام زيت اللوز وتدليك الدهون للتخلص منها. تجنبي الاستحمام بالماء الساخن، واستبداليه بالماء الفاتر لقدرته على تنشيط الدورة الدموية تحت الجلد، مع استخدام الليفة لأنها تخلص الجسم من السموم مع التدليك القوي.

ولا بد من التنــويه هنا بأن الــتدليك الذاتي مــمنوع في بــعض مــناطق الجسم التي توجد فيها اصابات مثل دوالي الساقين، والكسور، والتمزقات العضلية، والالتهابات الجلدية، والحروق، والآلام الشديدة في العمود الفقري، وبعد العمليات الجراحية الحديثة، وأثناء الحمل، وعند الإصابة ببعض أمراض القلب، وفي حال الإصابة بالحصوات البولية.
 

 
المباح والمحظور ما بعد العلاقة الجنسية
الاغتسال
ليس بالضرورة القفز من السرير والتوجه فوراً إلى الدش. إن استخدام أساليب التنظيف اللطيفة بعد الجماع يحمي الرجال والنساء معاً من أي عدوى، مثل العدوى في الجهاز البولي. لذا يجب غسل المنطقة المحيطة بالأعضاء التناسلية وليس داخلها بالماء الدافئ. يمكن استخدام الصابون اللطيف، لكن في حالة البشرة الحساسة أو الإصابة بعدوى، قد يؤدي الصابون إلى جفاف تلك المنطقة أو تهيّجها. بالنسبة إلى الرجال غير المختونين، عليهم إرجاع القلفة برفق إلى الوراء وتنظيف ما تحتها.

عدم استعمال الوابل المهبلي
تعتقد بعض النساء أنه عليهن تنظيف مهبلهن من الداخل بعد الجماع بالماء أو المحاليل الموضبة مسبقاً، إلا أن استخدام الوابل المهبلي قد يؤدي إلى الإصابة بعدوى إضافية، لكونه يخل بالتوازن الطبيعي للبكتيريا التي تحمي المهبل. أفضل طريقة إذاً للاهتمام بنظافة المهبل بعد الجماع هو بتركه وشأنه لأنه سينظف نفسه بشكل طبيعي. لا بد من الإشارة أيضاً إلى أن انبعاث رائحة خفيفة أمر طبيعي ولا ينذر بأي مشكلة.

الحرص على التنظيف المبسّط
تقدّم الصيدليات، فضلاً عن الوابل المهبلي، أنواعاً كثيرة من فوط التنظيف، والكريمات، والبخاخات التي يزعَم أنها «تنعش» منطقتك الحميمة. بعضها مصنوع من الصابون، أو مواد التنظيف، أو الشامبوهات، أو العطورات، أو الغُسُل التي قد تجفف البشرة. لذلك يفضل الالتزام بشطف المنطقة الحميمة بلطف بالمياه الدافئة بعد الجماع، وتفادي السدادات والفوط الصحية، والمساحيق، والبخاخات المعطّرة، لا سيما إن كنت ممن يصبن بعدوى عادةً.

إفراغ المثانة
قد تدخل البكتيريا أثناء الجماع الإحليل، أي القناة التي تخرج البول من الجسم، الأمر الذي يزيد فرص الإصابة بعدوى. وعند التبوّل، تخرّج هذه الجراثيم مع البول. لذلك بعد الاستمتاع ببعض المداعبة مع الشريك، توجّه إلى الحمام لقضاء الحاجة. إن كنت امرأة، امسحي المنطقة الحميمة من الأمام إلى الخلف لمنع انتشار البكتيريا.

شرب كوب من الماء
بما أن التبوّل بعد الجماع فكرة سديدة، من المهم أيضاً شرب الماء. عند الحفاظ على ترطيب الجسم، ستتبوّل أكثر، ما يعني أن البكتيريا ستخرج من جسمك قبل الإصابة بأي عدوى.

ارتداء ملابس فضفاضة
تعتبر الأماكن الساخنة والمتعرّقة أرضاً مثالية لنمو البكتيريا والخميرة. لذلك يفضل ارتداء ثياب وملابس داخلية فضفاضة تسمح بدخول الهواء. على النساء تفادي ارتداء الجوارب الطويلة، والمشدات، والسراويل الداخلية العالية الخصر الضيقة أكثر من اللازم. تصلح السراويل الداخلية القطنية للرجال والنساء معاً، فهي تسمح للبشرة بالتنفس وتمتص الرطوبة، وإلا يفضل نزع الملابس الداخلية كلها عند الخلود إلى النوم.

الخضوع لفحص
إن كان المرء يواظب على ممارسة الجنس، لا سيما إن كان حديث العهد في هذا الأمر، عليه الخضوع لفحص طبي للكشف عن أي أمراض منقولة جنسياً. في معظم الأحيان، لا تشير هذه الأمراض إلى أية عوارض، لذلك فإن أفضل طريقة للتأكد من ذلك هي بالخضوع لفحص. يمكن أيضاً مراقبة العوارض، مثل خروج سائل، أو الشعور بألم، أو ظهور بثور، أو تقرحات، أو بقع، أو نتوءات حول الأعضاء التناسلية.

غسل اليدين
تلك أفضل طريقة للتخلص من البكتيريا التي يمكن التقاطها من جراء لمس أعضاء الشريك التناسلية، ولمنع العدوى من الانتشار. يجب غسل اليدين بالماء والصابون، والالتزام بهذا الأمر بعد كل جماع. الحذر من الإصابة بالالتهاب المهبلي الخميري
يمكن للشريكين تناقل هذه الفطريات أثناء الجماع. أجل، فالذكور أيضاً يصابون بالالتهاب الخميري. لذا عند ملاحظة أي عوارض مثل الحكاك، أو الحريق، أو خروج سائل أبيض سميك من المهبل أو القضيب، لا بد من معالجة الأمر على الفور قبل الانشغال في اليوم التالي، واستشارة الطبيب عند الاشتباه بالإصابة به.

اتخاذ إجراءات عناية إضافية في حالة الحمل
الجماع آمن عادةً أثناء الحمل، لكن يزداد احتمال إصابتك بأي عدوى، كعدوى الجهاز البولي في هذا الوقت. لذلك من المهم الاهتمام أكثر بأساسيات ما بعد الجماع، أي التبوّل مباشرةً بعد الجماع، وغسل المنطقة المحيطة بالمهبل، وشرب الماء. يجب أيضاً تشجيع الشريك على اتباع الإجراءات نفسها.
 

 
معالجة الهربس أو قرحات الزكام والوقاية منها يومياً
 
يصاب نحو ثلثين منا بفيروس الهربس البسيط من النوع الأول، إذ ينتقل عادةً عبر القبلات الحارة المتبادلة بين الأقارب أو الحبيبين. لماذا يصاب إذن قلّة من سيئي الحظ بقرحات الزكام؟ قد تكمن الإجابة في مورثاتك. يتلف الفيروس بشرتك عند تكاثره، مخلّفاً قرحات محزنة تستمر لمدّة أسبوع تقريباً. في المقابل، يختبئ الفيروس، أثناء فترة ركوده، داخل الخلايا العصبية، لذلك لا يعالج كلياً. ويكون خاملاً معظم الوقت، لكنه يخرج من مخبئه بفعل عوامل محفّزة تؤدي إلى ظهور القرحات، منها أشعة الشمس، والحمّى، والضغط النفسي، والدورة الشهرية. يصاب بعض الأشخاص بقرحات الزكام مرّتين أو أقل في السنة، بينما يعاني منها آخرون بشكل شهري.

متى تصيب بالعدوى؟ عندما تشعر بحكاك في البشرة أو تلاحظ احمراراً فيها، فذلك يعني أن الفيروس موجود على الأرجح وقد تساهم في انتشاره. أمّا العدوى فتكون في أوجّها عند ظهور البثور ومباشرةً بعد انفقائها. لكن عندما تشفى بشرتك تماماً وتستعيد عافيتها، يستحيل أن ينتشر الفيروس. مع ذلك، قد تنتقل العدوى من خلال اللعاب في أي وقت حتّى لو لم تصب بقرحة زكام.

كيف ينتشر الفيروس؟ بواسطة سوائل الجسم. يظهر عادةً على شفة شخص مصاب، حتى في ظل عدم وجود قرحة واضحة للعيان. القبلة هي وسيلة الانتقال الرئيسة. وبما أن الفيروس يعيش غالباً في اللعاب، قد تساهم بهذه الطريقة في انتشاره من خلال تشاطر أدوات المطبخ أو الأكواب.

هل تستطيع وقف انتشاره؟ أجل من خلال التزام الحذر عند الإصابة بقرحة، والامتناع عن التقبيل، وعدم تشاطر فراشي الأسنان، أو أواني المطبخ، أو الأكواب، فضلاً عن تجنّب الجنس الفموي. من شأن ذلك أن يقلّل انتشار فيروس الهربس البسيط من النوع الأول، بالرغم من أنك قد لا تكون قادراً على التحكّم به بشكل كامل.

كيفية تخفيف الألم تستمر القرحات للمرّة الأولى لغاية أسبوعين، بينما قد لا تستمر حالات الظهور التالية لأكثر من أسبوع. لا يوجد علاج لقرحات الزكام، لكن يمكن لبعض الكريمات والمراهم التي تباع دون وصفة طبية تخفيف عوارض مثل الحريق والألم. يمكنك أيضاً استخدام ضمادات ساخنة أو باردة.

الكريمات المضادة للفيروسات قد تساعد غالباً ما تساهم في تقصير المدّة التي تستغرقها قرحة الزكام للشفاء، لكنها تعطي مفعولاً أفضل عند وضعها بمجرّد ملاحظة أولى مؤشرات ظهور قرحة. يتاح كريم دوكوزانول من دون وصفة طبية. في المقابل، يمكنك شراء كريم أسيكلوفير (زوفيراكس) وكريم بنسيكلوفير (دينافير) بناءً على وصفة طبية. صيدلاني يحمل علبة تعطى بناءً على وصفة طبية.

هل يمكن أن تمتد إلى جسمك؟ أجل، إنما نادراً. قد يحدث ذلك عند ملامسة قرحة الزكام، ومن ثم لمس منطقة متشققة من البشرة أو غشاء مخاطي (مثل الغطاء الرطب والواقي الموجود في أماكن حيث يكون الجسم مكشوفاً إلى الخارج مثل الفم، والأنف والأعضاء التناسلية). قد يؤدي ذلك بالتالي إلى عدوى جلدية بالهربس. لمنع ذلك، اغسل يديك ولا تلمس قرحة الزكام. عدوى عين بالهربس. غالباً ما يتعرّض لها الأطفال عن الإصابة بقرحة زكام ويلعقون أصابعهم أو إبهامهم.

كيف تمنع ظهور قرحات الزكام؟ يصعب كبحها بالكامل، لكن يمكن اتباع بعض الإجراءات التي تساعد على تفاديها. يجب التعرّف إلى العوامل المحفّزة والابتعاد عنها. ابقَ بعيداً عن الشمس، أو استخدم واقياً شمسياً ومرهماً للشفاه مضاد للأشعة ما فوق البنفسجية. جد حلولاً لمعالجة الضغط النفسي الذي تعاني منه. حافظ على صحّة جهاز المناعة لديك من خلال الحصول على قسط كبير من النوم وممارسة الرياضة يومياً.

متى عليك استشارة الطبيب؟ خذ موعداً لدى الطبيب إن: كان جهاز المناعة لديك ضعيفاً. لم تشفَ قرحات الزكام في خلال أسبوعين. كانت العوارض حادة. كانت عيناك متهيّجتين. كنت تعاني من قرحات زكام حادة أو متكرّرة.
 

 
Nasa scientists claim that sleeping with a pineapple plant in your bedroom can help prevent snoring
 
Nasa reports that pineapple plants produce more oxygen and improve air quality throughout the night, and therefore, aid better and quieter sleep.
 

 
CELLU M6® ALLIANCE: LPG® has developed 21st century anti-aging and slimming endermologie® treatment breaking the rules and challenging conventional ideas. For the first time in its history, the two-roller endermologie® treatment head has radically
 
Beirut, November 6, 2017; Since its creation more than 30 years ago, and through State-of-the-art medical technology, LPG® has focused on providing therapeutic and medico-aesthetic applications; and CELLU M6® ALLIANCE from LPG®, is the latest innovative endermologie® technology to reach Lebanon.

LPG® endermologie offers a 100% natural solution that stimulates dormant cellular activity within the skin to fight all unaesthetic manifestations (wrinkles, sagging skin, localized resistant fat, cellulite appearance, and more). The mechanical stimulation of cells, called endermologie®, thus reactivates their awakening naturally and painlessly. Promising to concurrently target slimming and anti-aging during the same session, this new endermologie® technology has evolved from two independent motorized rolls to one innovative motorized-roller/flap synergy. As a result, one new treatment head will simultaneously stimulate both lipolysis and the production of collagen, elastin, and endogenous hyaluronic acid and produce firmer, smoother skin as of the third session. “We are proud to be bringing this state-of-the-art LPG® endermologie® technology to the top esthetic and well-being centers in Lebanon.” says Elias Gannage, CEO of Gannage Group, the leading distributor of aesthetic, medical and dental technologies in the region. “CELLU M6® ALLIANCE works on fat release and sagging skin while completely respecting the body and the skin’s ecology, and its natural and non-invasive method makes any slimming, tightening, anti-cellulite and anti-wrinkle treatment, for the face and body, a pleasurable experience.” he adds.

The 100% natural, non-invasive, non-aggressive mechanical skin stimulation technique of the CELLU M6® ALLIANCE naturally reactivates cells’ metabolism. It stimulates and mobilizes tissue in depth. It enables the practitioner to work on more precise, more personalized, and totally unique treatments, to each individual skin identity and tissue quality, be it fragile, fibrous, lacking elasticity, or any other type. For the face treatments, the CELLU M6® ALLIANCE smooths wrinkles, clarifies the complexion, firms the skin and reduces the double chin. As for the body, it releases fat, smooths cellulite, firms and tightens. After 3 sessions 67% of women claim to have a smoothed orange peel aspect, 71% of women witness an improvement in their skin’s firmness and after 12 sessions women measure waistline loss up to 5.2 cm according to the latest endermologie® Dermscan study.

CELLU M6® ALLIANCE: LPG® has developed 21st century anti-aging and slimming endermologie® treatment breaking the rules and challenging conventional ideas. For the first time in its history, the two-roller endermologie® treatment head has radically evolved making way for an innovative, motorized-roller/flap synergy. Combined with sequential suction, the motorized combo roll/flap work together to stimulate and mobilize tissue in-depth in all its dimensions for an even more pleasant and effective treatment! No more choosing between slimming or anti-aging sessions; CELLU M6® ALLIANCE targets both!
 

 
How to Get Vitamin A naturally
Red Peppers Vitamin A is the name for a group of substances called retinoid. Most people get enough from their food, but moms-to-be might want to add an extra helping, because it helps the baby grow. Red peppers are an excellent source: A half cup gives you almost half of what you need for a single day.

Spinach There are two kinds of vitamin A: Preformed vitamin A -- from meat, poultry, fish, and dairy -- arrives in your body ready to use. The second kind, provitamin A, comes from certain fruits and veggies, like spinach. Your body has to process it before it can go to work.

Beef Liver It may not be the meal you crave, but it’s full of vitamin A, which gives your immune system a huge boost -- it keeps the cells that protect you against infection working the way they should. It also helps make the antibodies that fight off any threats that get past other defenses.

Sweet Potatoes Here’s a good reason to load up your plate with these versatile veggies: They’re a great source of vitamin A. One baked sweet potato gives you more than 500% of the amount you need each day.

Ice Cream Which sounds better: a cup of ice cream or 20 cans of tuna? Believe it or not, both have the same amount of vitamin A (about 20% of what you should get each day). Still, you’d need more than 25 scoops of ice cream to match the vitamin A you get in just one baked sweet potato.

Pumpkin Pie Vitamin A helps your heart, lungs, and kidneys do their work. So if you’re having dessert, think about a slice of pumpkin pie. It has plenty of beta-carotene, an antioxidant your body turns into vitamin A.

Carrots Vitamin A keeps your eyes working the way they should. People who don’t get enough -- it’s mainly a problem in Africa and Southeast Asia -- can have night blindness. So keep an eye out for chances to get your daily dose. Just a half cup of raw carrots will give you more than enough.

Supplements If it’s tough for you get all the A you need from food, you might try fortified foods. They have an extra helping of the vitamin. These foods include cereals, condiments, sugar, and milk. You’ll also find it in supplements. Talk to your doctor about the right amount for you.
 

 
إحذر من تناول الفاكهة‏ بعد الأكل مباشرة‏!
 
من الأخطاء الشائعة‏‏ تناول الفاكهة بعد الوجبات الغذائية‏، لأن تناول الفاكهة في نهاية الوجبة أشبه بتناول جرعة من السم لأنها تدمر إنزيم بتيالين وهو إنزيم أساسي لإتمام عملية هضم النشويات‏. كما أن الفاكهة تحتاج إلي مرور ببطئ إلى المعدة حتى تهضم بطريقة طبيعية، ولكنها عندما تلتقي باللحوم تتخمر في المعدة وقد تتحول إلي كحول يعوق عملية الهضم‏، وفي الوقت نفسه‏‏ تفقد الفاكهة كل ما تحتويه من فيتامينات بالإضافة إلي أن التحلل غير العادي للبروتينات ينتج عنه إنتفاخ في المعدة‏.‏ ينصح بتناول الفاكهة بعد ساعتان من تناول وجبة الغذاء أو ساعة قبل تناول الطعام، أو تناول وجبة كاملة من الفاكهة‏.‏ هذا ومن الضروري جداً أن تتناول الفاكهة إذا أردت ان تتمتع بصحة أفضل ، فهي تتحتوي على الكثير من الألياف و السوائل المفيدة للجسم، كما وتحوي الكثير من الفيتامينات بالإضافة إلى أنها غنية بالأملاح المعدنية مثل الكالسيوم، المغنيسيوم، النحاس، والمنغنيز.
 

 
Zika virus Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment
 
Symptoms
About 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus become ill (i.e., develop Zika).
The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week.
The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week.
Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for a few days but it can be found longer in some people.
Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon.
Deaths are rare.

Diagnosis
The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya, diseases spread through the same mosquitoes that transmit Zika.
See your healthcare provider if you develop the symptoms described above and have visited an area where Zika is found.
If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider when and where you traveled.
Your healthcare provider may order blood tests to look for Zika or other similar viruses like dengue or chikungunya.

Treatment
No vaccine or medications are available to prevent or treat Zika infections.

Treat the symptoms:
Get plenty of rest.
Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
Take medicine such as acetaminophen to relieve fever and pain.
Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like ibuprofen and naproxen. Aspirin and NSAIDs should be avoided until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of hemorrhage (bleeding). If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
If you have Zika, prevent mosquito bites for the first week of your illness.
During the first week of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites.
An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people.
 

 
Can taking vitamin D supplements or spending more time in the sun help prevent Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia?
 
Maybe. But it’s too soon to say for certain. New research suggests people with very low levels of vitamin D in their blood, known as vitamin D deficiency, are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

For example, a large 2014 study published in Neurology showed people with extremely low blood levels of vitamin D were more than twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's disease or other types of dementia than those with normal vitamin D levels. But it’s important to point out that the association between vitamin D deficiency and dementia risk is only observational at this point. More research is needed to show cause and effect.

Vitamin D is vital to bone metabolism, calcium absorption and other metabolic processes in the body. Its role in brain function, cognition and the aging process is still unclear. Some studies suggest vitamin D may be involved in a variety of processes related to cognition, but more research is needed to better understand this relationship.

Most of our vitamin D is produced within the body in response to sunlight exposure. Vitamin D occurs naturally in only a few foods, including fatty fish and fish liver oils. The biggest dietary sources of vitamin D are fortified foods, such as milk, breakfast cereals and orange juice. Vitamin D supplements are also widely available.

Vitamin D deficiency is common among older adults, partially because the skin’s ability to synthesize vitamin D from the sun decreases with age.

It’s too early to recommend increasing your daily dose of vitamin D in hopes of preventing dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. But maintaining healthy vitamin D levels can’t hurt and may pay off in other ways, such as reducing the risk of osteoporosis. According to the Institute of Medicine, the recommended daily dose of Vitamin D is 600 International Units (IU) per day for adults under age 70 and 800 IU per day for adults over 70.

More studies are needed to determine if vitamin D deficiency is indeed a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, and if treatment with vitamin D supplements or sun exposure can prevent or treat these conditions.

Mayo Clinic
 

 
Benefits of Green Almonds
 
Unlike regular almonds, green almonds are available for a short 8-week period that begins in the later part of April and lasts till the mid of June. This is probably why they are regarded as rare delicacies. Green almonds are a lot more common in the Middle East and Mediterranean region. They are used as a cooking ingredient, (for pastries). There are several health benefits that are associated with green almonds, some of the most common ones being:

Reducing cholesterol ranges
Improving skin tone
Easing bowel movements, because of their laxative properties
Weight loss
Minimizing risks of diseases such as cancer
Increasing energy
Enhancing function of the immune system

Green almonds can be eaten as they are or after being shelled.

Can Almonds Cause allergies?

In case you are suffering from any allergies, intolerance or chronic gastrointestinal problems, there are several food items that you may need to avoid. In such instances, eating almonds could cause you to experience symptoms like pain, cramps, heartburn as well as hiccups

However, in case the consumption of almonds leads to stomach pain, or any other form of discomfort, stop eating these nuts, at least until you speak with your doctor.
 

 
Paracetamol linked to heart attack risk: Fears over high doses taken for a long time
 
Daily paracetamol could raise the risk of heart attacks, stroke and early death, a major study warns today.

It found that patients prescribed high doses of the painkiller for long periods were up to 63 per cent more likely to die unexpectedly.

The risk of having a heart attack or stroke was up to 68 per cent higher and there was an almost 50 per cent greater chance of having a stomach ulcer or bleed.

Paracetamol is considered by doctors to be safer than aspirin, which can cause stomach bleeds, and ibuprofen, which has been linked to heart attacks and strokes.

But British researchers who looked at studies involving 666,000 patients say the risks may have been underestimated and are calling for a major review to be conducted into the drug’s safety.

They think paracetamol may be causing illness by preventing the action of an enzyme in the body called COX-2.

Scientists from the Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine looked at eight studies that contained information on patients taking paracetamol daily for up to 14 years, for conditions such as arthritis and severe back pain.

They also covered patients who took the medicine less often or hardly at all.

Philip Conaghan, who led the research, pointed out that for most patients the risks were very small and those given paracetamol over a long period would have illnesses likely to kill them early. For this reason it was difficult to be sure the drugs were causing problems.

 

 
Drinking coffee may lower risk of multiple sclerosis
People who drink four to six cups of coffee daily may be less likely to get multiple sclerosis, according to international research out Thursday.

"Caffeine intake has been associated with a reduced risk of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases," said lead author Ellen Mowry of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland.

"Our study shows that coffee intake may also protect against MS, supporting the idea that the drug may have protective effects for the brain," she added.

The findings of a US and Swedish study -- released ahead of the American Academy of Neurology annual meeting in Washington -- each compared more than 1,000 MS patients to a similar number of healthy people.

Researchers tracked how much coffee the subjects drank in the one, five and 10 years before symptoms began for those afflicted with MS.

After accounting for other factors such as age, sex, smoking, body mass index and sun exposure, the Swedish study found that "compared to people who drank at least six cups of coffee per day during the year before symptoms appeared, those who did not drink coffee had about a one and a half times increased risk of developing MS."

Similar protective effects were seen among those who drank lots of coffee five to 10 years before symptoms appeared.

The US study found that "people who didn’t drink coffee were also about one and a half times more likely to develop the disease than those who drank four or more cups of coffee per day in the year before symptoms started to develop."

More research is needed to determine if caffeine in coffee has any impact on relapse or long-term disability due to MS, an incurable disease of the central nervous system that affects 2.3 million people worldwide.

The study was funded by the Swedish Medical Research Council, the US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the National Institute on Aging.
 

 
Two more women pregnant after successful womb transplants
 
Two more women who became pregnant after having womb transplants are due to deliver in the next few weeks and that could be the start of a new wave of babies born this way, say the Swedish doctors who pioneered the technique.

"It means a lot to me that we are able to help patients who have tried for so long to have families," said Dr. Mats Brannstrom, a professor of gynecology and obstetrics at the University of Gothenburg, who led the project that brought about last month's pioneering birth. "This is the last piece of the puzzle in finding a treatment for all women with infertility problems."

Brannstrom predicted there would soon be many more babies born to women who have received donated wombs in countries where doctors are studying the technique, including Australia, Britain, the U.S., Japan and China.

Brannstrom said he has also started work on trying to grow a womb in the lab. That involves taking a womb from a deceased donor, stripping it of its DNA, then using cells from the recipient to line the structure. He has started preliminary tests in animals and estimated it would be another five years before the technique can be tried on humans.

While that may sound like science fiction, the techniques that led to the birth announced last week also sounded outlandish just years ago. "It makes what was formerly impossible possible," said Dr. Nannette Santoro, chair of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Colorado. She was not involved in Brannstrom's research.
 

 
Why Cherries Are Naturally Good for You
 
Everyone knows how delicious cherries can be, but did you know that they can also relieve pain, help you avoid premature aging, and add years to your life?

Cherries, along with many other berries, are a rich source of antioxidants. They help prevent or repair the damage that is done to the body's cells by free radicals. This means that antioxidants replace free radicals in your body before they can cause any damage.

Queritrin--a flavonoid--is rich in cherries, and has been found by researchers to be one of the most potent anticancer agents. When eating cherries, the queritrin is set free to fight off all the body's cancerous cells.

Cherries also contain ellagic acid, a naturally occurring plant phenolic known as an anti-carcinogenic/anti-mutagenic compound. Some researchers say that ellagic acid may be the most effective way to prevent cancer.

Another compound found in cherries--perillyl alcohol (POH)--is extremely powerful in reducing the occurrence of all types of cancer. Researchers found that POH stops the growth of cancer cells by depriving them of the proteins they need to grow. It has worked on every kind of cancer that POH has been tested against.

Help Relieve Pain of Arthritis and Gout
Tart cherries contain two powerful compounds, anthocyanins and bioflavonoids. Both of these compounds slow down the enzymes Cyclo-oxyygenase-1 and -2, which help to relieve and prevent arthritis and gout in the body.

Eliminate Oxidative Stress and Prevent Premature Aging
Cherries are rich in two important flavonoids, isoqueritrin and queritrin, which act as antioxidants and work to eliminate byproducts of oxidative stress, therefore slowing down the aging process.

Help Cure Migraines
By helping reduce inflammation in the body, the anthocyanin and bioflavonoids in cherries also help eliminate migraine headaches. These compounds are known to have similar activity to aspirin and ibuprofen.

Improve Body's Circadian Rhythms
Extensive evidence points out that the antioxidant melatonin, which is also rich in cherries, is significant in improving the body's circadian rhythms. Since melatonin is found in small quantities in the body, a slight increase can produce great results.

Help You Sleep
Melatonin is also found to help the body's natural sleep patterns. Since the body so rapidly absorbs melatonin, cherries can increase melatonin levels in the blood, therefore improving the way you sleep.

How to Get All the Powerful Benefits of Cherries... Right Now
A handful of fresh cherries in the summertime are a natural gourmet delight, but if you want to harness the antioxidant power of cherries on a routine basis--and you definitely should, as they are one of nature's true "healing foods"--then you should seriously consider red tart cherry juice concentrate.

Cherry juice concentrate is a super-nutritious, all-natural, and absolutely delicious daily addition to your diet. As part of personal program to prevent disease and avoid premature aging, you can drink these concentrates every day.

But take note that Ii is not recommend eating cherries excessively, as doing so will give you too much sugar. Instead, opt for a high-quality concentrate, so you are getting the health benefit of the cherries without all the sugar.
 

 
Clean teeth can hold off arthritis: Scientists discover link between gum disease bacteria and early onset of the condition
 
Brushing your teeth well could help prevent arthritis, scientists claim.

Researchers found a link between the bacterium responsible for gum disease and earlier onset of rheumatoid arthritis, as well as faster progression and greater severity of the condition.

The bacterium produces an enzyme which reacts with the residue of certain proteins.

The body recognizes these proteins as intruders, leading to an immune attack, the researchers from the University of Louisville's School of Dentistry in Kentucky said.



 

 
Bright Screens Could Delay Bedtime
 
Using a tablet or computer in the late evening disrupts the body's melatonin production

If you have trouble-sleeping, laptop or tablet use at bedtime might be to blame, new research suggests. Mariana Figueiro of the Lighting Research Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and her team showed that two hours of iPad use at maximum brightness was enough to suppress people's normal nighttime release of melatonin, a key hormone in the body's clock, or circadian system. Melatonin tells your body that it is night, helping to make you sleepy. If you delay that signal, Figueiro says, you could delay sleep. Other research indicates that ?if you do that chronically, for many years, it can lead to disruption of the circadian system,? sometimes with serious health consequences, she explains.

The dose of light is important, Figueiro says; the brightness and exposure time, as well as the wavelength, determine whether it affects melatonin. Light in the blue-and-white range emitted by today's tablets can do the trick?as can laptops and desktop computers, which emit even more of the disrupting light but are usually positioned farther from the eyes, which ameliorates the light's effects. The team designed light-detector goggles and had subjects wear them during late-evening tablet use. The light dose measurements from the goggles correlated with hampered melatonin production.

On the bright side, a morning shot of screen time could be used as light therapy for seasonal affective disorder and other light-based problems. Figueiro hopes manufacturers will ?get creative? with tomorrow's tablets, making them more ?circadian friendly,? perhaps even switching to white text on a black screen at night to minimize the light dose. Until then, do your sleep schedule a favor and turn down the brightness of your glowing screens before bed?or switch back to good old-fashioned books.

 

 
Vitamin C and chemotherapy
 
Vitamin C has long been used as an alternative cancer therapy but evidence is mixed.

High-dose vitamin C can boost the cancer-killing effect of chemotherapy in the lab and mice, research suggests.
Given by injection, it could potentially be a safe, effective and low-cost treatment for ovarian and other cancers, say US scientists.
Reporting in Science Translational Medicine, they call for large-scale government clinical trials.
Pharmaceutical companies are unlikely to run trials, as vitamins cannot be patented.
Vitamin C has long been used as an alternative therapy for cancer.
In the 1970s, chemist Linus Pauling reported that vitamin C given intravenously was effective in treating cancer.
However, clinical trials of vitamin C given by mouth failed to replicate the effect, and research was abandoned. It is now known that the human body quickly excretes vitamin C when it is taken by mouth.
However, scientists at the University of Kansas say that when given by injection vitamin C is absorbed into the body, and can kill cancer cells without harming normal ones.
The researchers injected vitamin C into human ovarian cancer cells in the lab, into mice, and into patients with advanced ovarian cancer.
They found ovarian cancer cells were sensitive to vitamin C treatment, but normal cells were unharmed.
The treatment worked in tandem with standard chemotherapy drugs to slow tumour growth in mouse studies. Meanwhile, a small group of patients reported fewer side-effects when given vitamin C alongside chemotherapy.
 

 
Avoiding Anemia, Boost Your Red Blood Cells
 

Illustration of iron-rich foods, including fish, red meat, beans, and dark leafy vegetables.

If you're feeling constantly exhausted and sluggish, you might have a condition called anemia. Anemia is a common blood disorder that many people develop at some point in their lives.

Many types of anemia are mild and short term. But the condition can become serious if left untreated for a long time. The good news is that anemia often can be prevented and easily corrected by getting enough iron.

Anemia arises when your body doesn't have enough healthy red blood cells. You may either have too few red blood cells, or they may be lacking in an iron-rich protein called hemoglobin. Red blood cells are responsible for delivering oxygen throughout your body, and hemoglobin is the protein that carries the oxygen.

When the number of red blood cells or your hemoglobin level is too low, your body doesn't get all of the oxygen it needs, and that can make you feel very tired. You may also have other symptoms, such as shortness of breath, dizziness, headaches, pale skin, or cold hands and feet.

The most common type of anemia occurs when your body lacks iron. This condition is called iron-deficiency anemia, and it often arises if you don't have enough iron in your diet. Your body needs iron and other nutrients to make hemoglobin and healthy red blood cells. So it's important to get a regular supply of iron as well as vitamin B12, folate, and protein. You can get these nutrients by eating a balanced diet or taking dietary supplements.

Another common cause of iron-deficiency anemia is blood loss, which might arise from injury, childbirth, or surgery. Women of child-bearing age are at risk for iron-deficiency anemia due to blood loss from menstrual periods.

Women also need extra iron during pregnancy. Dr. Harvey Luksenburg, a specialist in blood diseases at NIH, says that if anemia isn't treated during pregnancy, women can give birth to iron-deficient children. This lack of iron can affect a child's growth rate and brain development.

?Women who feel symptoms of sluggishness and fatigue may be iron deficient,? Luksenburg says. ?Even if you've lived with it a long time, get it checked. I've seen startling changes when women were put on iron supplements. Some say they've never felt better.?

Many people living with anemia may not realize they have it. They might have mild symptoms or none at all. A doctor can determine whether you have anemia by a simple blood test.

Common types of anemia can be prevented and treated by eating iron-rich foods. The best sources are red meat (especially beef and liver), poultry, fish, and shellfish. Other foods high in iron include peas, lentils, beans, tofu, dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, dried fruits such as prunes and raisins, and iron-fortified cereals and breads.

NIH researchers are studying how to treat rarer, more severe forms of anemia. Some types can be treated with medicines. Severe cases may require blood transfusions or surgery.

If you don't get enough iron from your food, ask your doctor about taking iron dietary supplements. The body absorbs iron from meat and fish better than that from vegetables. If you're a vegetarian, consult a health care provider to make sure you're getting enough iron.

Making healthy lifestyle choices, including a nutritious, iron-rich diet, can help prevent common types of anemia so you can have more energy and feel your best.
 

 
Sinusitis: Treatments and Preventions
 
Whether it's acute or chronic, sinusitis is painful causing fatigue.
Many people with sinusitis end up with the wrong diagnosis or use treatments that aren't likely to help. So before you run to the pharmacy, here's what you need to know about sinusitis.


The sinuses are small cavities in the skull that are normally filled with air. They produce mucus, which helps keep the nasal passages clear of allergens and pollutants.

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the tissue that lines these cavities. In some cases, this swelling blocks off the sinuses, trapping mucus and air inside them. This can cause pain and pressure; sometimes, it can lead to bacterial infection. There are two basic types of sinusitis.

- Acute sinusitis lasts up to 4 weeks.
- Chronic sinusitis lasts more than 12 weeks and can remain for years. The cause of chronic sinusitis can be hard to treat.

The initial inflammation of sinusitis might be initially triggered by a cold or allergies. In people who have compromised immune systems, sinusitis can be caused by fungus. Sometimes, chronic sinusitis results from defects in the structure of the nasal passages or a growth like a nasal polyp which can block the sinuses and prevent them from draining normally.

The symptoms of acute and chronic sinusitis are similar:
- Facial pressure and pain
- Thick discolored mucus
- Congestion


Sinusitis Treatment
The good news is that, regardless of the type of sinusitis, treatments can help. The key is to figure out what's really causing the underlying problem. For instance, if your case of sinusitis is caused by allergies, decongestants alone will probably not help much.

If you have sinusitis symptoms for more than a couple of days, check in with your doctor. With a good exam -- and sometimes imaging tests, like X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs -- you may be able to figure out exactly what's causing the problem.

Often, the best sinusitis treatment is a combination of different approaches -- typically medication combined with self-care.
? Antibiotics; Painkillers; Allergy medicines; Steroids or Surgery.

Preventing Sinusitis
Here are some things that you can do on your own to relieve your discomfort. If you're prone to sinusitis, many of these same approaches will help you prevent it, too.
? Humidify.
? Breathe in steam vapors.
? Apply warm heat.
? Use a nasal saline solution.
? Flush out your sinuses.
? Drink lots of fluids.
? Rest.
? Don't overuse OTC medicines
 

 
White coat hypertension (and white coat effect)
 
The term ?white coat? comes from references to the white coats traditionally worn by doctors. The white coat effect means that your blood pressure is higher when it is taken in a medical setting than it is when taken at home. On average, when your blood pressure is taken at home the top (systolic) number can be around 10mmHg lower than it would be if taken by a doctor and 5mmHg lower on the bottom (diastolic) number.

What causes the white coat effect?
Your blood pressure is not fixed ? it rises and falls throughout the day in response to what you are doing and what is happening around you. White coat effects will often happen because you are nervous about having your blood pressure tested by a doctor or nurse. Most of us tend to feel more tense in medical settings than we do in surroundings that are familiar to us, although we do not always notice it.

The white coat effect can influence some peoples' blood pressure more than others. If you are very anxious your systolic blood pressure can rise by as much as 30mmHg. This can make it more difficult for your doctor to get an accurate measurement of your blood pressure.

What is white coat hypertension?
The term white coat hypertension may be used if you have high blood pressure readings (i.e. readings that are consistently 140/90mmHg or above) only when you are in a medical setting. Your blood pressure readings may be normal when they are taken at home.

Sometimes it can be difficult to establish whether you actually have high blood pressure, or are just experiencing white coat hypertension.

How will I know if my blood pressure is affected?
Anyone can be affected by the white coat effect, but white coat hypertension is less common. You may be nervous or anxious about having your blood pressure taken without you or your doctor realising it. The only way to be sure is to compare readings taken in the clinic with readings that are taken at home.
 

 
Quinoa, The Super-grain of the Future
 
Quinoa dates back three to four thousand years ago when the Incas first realized that the quinoa seed was fit for human consumption.Inca warriors had more stamina and quicker recovery time by eating these quinoa seeds, making it a truly ancient power food.

Although referred to as a grain, quinoa is actually a seed from a vegetable related to spinach and beets. Just like rice, quinoa comes in different colors and varieties. The most common is white, but there are also red and black.

Quinoa is now considered by many as ?The Super-grain of the future?, and the United Nations General Assembly declared 2013 as the "International Year of Quinoa".
While quinoa is growing in popularity and becoming better known throughout the world, many still do not understand the unique and significant health benefits that come from eating quinoa.

Health characteristics and benefits of Quinoa:
1. Quinoa is high in protein: its protein balance is similar to milk and has more protein compared to rice, millet or wheat. This super food contains all nine amino acids, making it a truly protein-rich food.
2. Quinoa contain heart healthy fats: monounsaturated fat, and omega-3 fatty acid
3. Quinoa is a source of Riboflavin B2, which make it recommended for migraine sufferers, since riboflavin helps reduce the frequency attacks of migraine by improving the energy metabolism within the brain and muscle cells. Riboflavin also regulates and promotes energy production in the brain and muscle cells while increasing the metabolism.
4. Quinoa is antioxidant rich. Additionally, quinoa has a great deal of anti-inflammatory phytonutrients as well, which can promote tissue growth and aide in tissue repair as well as fight off disease and infection.
5. Quinoa is rich in essential minerals such as phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, selenium.
6. Quinoa is high in calcium in comparison to other grains in the same category. For example, quinoa has twice the amount of calcium as whole wheat when you compare the two, portion for portion.
7. Quinoa is packed with many vitamins including Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, E
8. Quinoa is rich in manganese. Manganese is an antioxidant, which helps to prevent damage of mitochondria during energy production as well as to protect red blood cells and other cells from injury by free radicals.
9. Quinoa is high in fiber and contains twice as much fiber as almost every other grain.
Fiber is an essential nutrient that regulates blood sugar levels and regulates your digestive system by preventing and relieving constipation.
10. Quinoa is a source of Iron. Iron helps keep your red blood cells healthy and is the basis of hemoglobin formation. Iron carries oxygen from one cell to another and supplies oxygen to your muscles to aid in their contraction.
11. Quinoa is rich in magnesium. Magnesium helps to relax blood vessels and thereby to alleviate migraines. Magnesium also may reduce Type 2 diabetes by promoting healthy blood sugar control. Other health benefits of magnesium include detoxification, energy production, and the formation of healthy bones and teeth.
12. Quinoa has a low glycemic index
13. Quinoa is gluten-free and considered easy to digest.
14. Quinoa may lower bad cholesterol levels (LDL). The high fiber content of quinoa may help reduce cholesterol. Soluble fiber combines with bile acids to be excreted by the body and in turn, reduce total cholesterol and levels of ?bad? LDL cholesterol.
15. Quinoa may reduce the risk of Type 2 Diabetes and heart disease, due to its fiber, protein and antioxidant content. The unusually high ratio of protein to carbohydrate explains quinoa's ability to help regulate blood sugar. The high soluble fiber content in Quinoa also helps control blood sugar and slows the breakdown of carbohydrates to glucose.
16. Quinoa may help control Blood Pressure. Quinoa has the highest potassium levels of all grains, a mineral essential for balancing sodium blood levels and maintaining lower blood pressure. Quinoa is also a rich source of magnesium, a vasodilator that helps to lower blood pressure.
17. Quinoa does contain oxalates, which puts it on the caution list for an oxalate-restricted diet.

Although Quinoa is highly nutritious, it is actually coated with the toxic chemical saponin which can be tough on the immune system and stomach. Commercial processing methods remove much of the bitter soapy saponins coating quinoa seeds, but it is best to rinse again the quinoa thoroughly to remove any of the powdery saponins that may remain on the seeds.

Christelle Bachi Gedeon
President of the Syndicate of dietitians
Mobile: 03-458266
Eye & Ear Hospital -Naccach
www.facebook.com/YesYouCanClinic


 

 
How to eat less sugar
 
For a healthy, balanced diet, cut down on foods and drinks containing added sugars.

These tips can help you cut down:
Instead of sugary soft drinks and juice drinks, go for water or unsweetened fruit juice (remember to dilute these for children, to further reduce the sugar).
If you like soft drinks, try diluting fruit juice with sparkling water.
Swap cakes or biscuits for a piece of fruit.
If you take sugar in hot drinks, or add sugar to your breakfast cereal, gradually reduce the amount until you can cut it out altogether, or try using a natural honey.
Rather than spreading jam or honey on your toast, try a low-fat spread, sliced banana or low-fat cream cheese instead.
Check nutrition labels to help you pick the foods with less added sugar, or go for the low-sugar version.
Try halving the sugar you use in your recipes. It works for most things except jam, meringues and ice-cream.
Choose tins of fruit in juice or water rather than syrup.
Choose wholegrain breakfast cereals, but not those coated with sugar or honey.

Nutrition labels and sugars
Nutrition labels often tell you how much sugar a food contains. You can compare labels, and choose foods that are lower in sugar. You can tell if the food contains lots of added sugars by checking the ingredients list.

Sometimes you will see a figure for 'Carbohydrates', and not for sugar/s. The 'Carbohydrates' figure will also include starchy carbohydrates, so you can't use it to work out the sugar content. In this case, check the ingredients list to see if the food is high in added sugars.

You can get an idea of whether a food is high in added sugars by looking at the ingredients list. Added sugars must be included in the ingredients list, which always starts with the biggest ingredient. This means that if you see sugar near the top of the list, you know the food is likely to be high in added sugars.

Watch out for other words that are used to describe added sugars, such as sucrose, glucose, fructose, maltose, hydrolyzed starch and invert sugar, corn syrup and honey.

Labels on the front of packaging
There are labels containing nutritional information on the front of some food packaging.

This includes the daily intake labeling, a voluntary front-of-pack labeling scheme adopted by the food and beverage industry to make it easier for consumers to make informed dietary choices. It provides a better view of whats in your food and drink.

The Daily Intake Guide is the presentation of ?thumbnails' on a product's packaging, which indicate the amount per serve for energy and nutrients (protein, carbohydrate, sugars, fat, saturated fat and sodium) and the percentage of daily intake these represent per serve.

This labeling makes it easy for consumers to see the relationship between a serve of food and their daily requirements. In line with the Food Standards Code, the ?daily intakes' in the thumbnails are based on those for an average adult diet of 8700KJ, including food and drink.
 

 
What you need to know about the flu shot
 
Fortunately, the 2013-14 flu shot is already available, and this year it's better than ever, covering four strains of the virus instead of the usual three.

Pregnant women should definitely get a flu shot.
Pregnant women may have to avoid certain medications, but they can ? and should ? be sure to get a flu shot because their immune systems are depressed to accommodate the growing fetus, leaving them vulnerable to the flu virus.
Last year, the World Health Organization said pregnant women should be given top priority for flu vaccinations, putting them above the elderly, children and people with chronic health conditions.

It's a good idea to get vaccinated early.
Sure, it still seems like summer, but flu season isn't tied to weather. It's actually tied to the school year, when children are in close quarters and don't always wash their hands.
The shot can't give you the flu.
While the flu shot uses parts of a dead flu virus to train your immune system to fight it, it can't make you sick.

Getting the flu once doesn't protect you against getting it again.
Just because you already had the flu this year doesn't mean you don't need the vaccine. Since there are multiple strains of the flu going around every year, it's possible you'll get one of the strains that didn't get you sick already.
The flu shot protects against four strains of the flu, and even though it's only 59 percent effective, it's your best chance at a flu-free year.
 

 
Exercises to Relieve Back Pain
 
What's the best way to deal with lower back pain that your health care provider has attributed to a lack of core strength? exercise. This might cause a little more pain in the beginning, but under the care of your health provider, it can reduce your pain in the long run. And for many people, the long-term solution for back pain lies in abdominal, hip and lower back strengthening and stretching exercises.

Some pain or aches in your lower back might be the result of weak abdominal muscles. When you have a weak abs, you are more likely to have poor posture and your lower back muscles are forced to take over, which can strain them in a way that becomes uncomfortable or painful over time. You can minimize back pain by doing exercises that make the muscles in your abs stronger, while also training to increase the strength and flexibility level in your lower back, hips and thighs.

Everyone's back pain is different, so it's a good idea to check with your health care provider about what's best for you. If core strength is your problem, the following exercises can help.
 

 
What you should know about lice
 
Lice cannot jump or fly
They spread from person to person when people's heads touch or after sharing things like hats and other clothing, combs, brushes, headbands, or barrettes. Lice can live up to 2 days without feeding on a person, so you also can get lice from pillowcases, sheets, blankets, sleeping bags, and other bedding.

Lice have nothing to do with personal hygiene
Lice love everyone, including the cleanest kid in the class! Lice spread in schools and other group settings (like camp or even slumber parties) because these are places where people are in close contact. One reason why kids get lice more often than teens is because kids play together closely and often share more stuff.

You can't get lice from a pet
Lice are "species specific," meaning that people can't catch lice from pets and pets can't catch the kind of head lice that people get.

What to do if you think you have lice
If you think you have lice, call your pharmacist. He can recommend a medicated shampoo, cream rinse, or lotion to kill the lice. Lice can be hard to get rid of. If you still have lice 2 weeks after you started treatment, let your pharmacist know. He may want to try a different medication or repeat treatment in case any nits were left behind and hatched after treatment.
Lice are insects, so the treatments for lice are basically insecticides. To avoid getting overexposed, you'll need to follow the directions carefully when it comes to how much to use and how often to use it. Medicated lice treatments usually kill the lice and nits, but it may take a few days for the itching to stop. Using a fine-tooth comb on wet hair to remove nits and lice could help.

Scratching a lot can lead to a scalp infection. Call doctor as soon as possible if:
? the skin on your scalp is red and tender
? your scalp has crusting and oozing
? you have swollen lymph glands

Doctor may want to treat an infection with antibiotics.
If your kid has lice or nits, call the school to let them know and let your kid stay home. Most schools allow students to return after one topical treatment has been completed.

When treating lice, there are a few things you should not do:
? Don't use a hair dryer after applying scalp treatments. Some treatments for lice contain flammable ingredients and you don't want to set your hair on fire!
? Don't use conditioners or a shampoo/conditioner combination before putting on lice medication.
? Don't wash your hair for 1 to 2 days after using a medicated treatment.
? Don't use pesticide sprays or hire a pest control company to try to get rid of the lice; these can be harmful.
? Don't use more than one head lice medication at a time.

Preventing Lice
Lice can be tricky to get rid of because nits can remain unwatched on the head or you might pick up lice that are still on bedding or other items. Here's what to do if you've had lice ? or someone in your family has:
? Wash bed linens and clothing that anyone with lice has used recently. Use very hot water (130?F [54.4?C]), then use the hot cycle of the dryer for at least 20 minutes.
? Take items that can't be washed (like comforters, pillows, clothing, and stuffed animals) to the dry cleaner.
? Vacuum carpets and any upholstered furniture, as well as car seats.
? Soak hair-care items like combs, barrettes, hair ties or bands, headbands, and brushes in rubbing alcohol or medicated shampoo for 1 hour. You also can wash them in hot water or just throw them away.
? Because lice can move easily from person to person in the same house, family members will also need treatment to prevent the lice from coming back.

Here are some ways to avoid getting lice :
? Try to avoid head-to-head contact, like in gym or during sports.
? Don't share combs, brushes, hats, scarves, bandanas, ribbons, barrettes, hair ties or bands, towels, or other personal care items with anyone else.
? Don't lie on bedding, pillows, and carpets that someone with lice has used in the past couple of days.
? If someone in your family or at school has lice, ask a parent or adult to check your hair and scalp every 3 or 4 days to be sure you haven't picked up lice.

 

 

Why To Prevent Auto Medication?
 
Most of the people take their own advice or others advice of auto medication.
They think that because they have an old prescription with some common symptoms, they're going to take the same medication. The most common aliments for which we resort to auto medication are headaches, colds, fevers, digestive problems- diarrhea, constipation or acidity.
What we overlook I that when you take a painkiller with a fever pill and add to it something for a cold, you are overdosing your body with active ingredients that multiply. This can cause problems of acidity if you are allergic to it. For those people that take auto medication when they have a cough, they think that taking any syrup medication is going to help their cough. They do not know that they can get it worst, without consulting a doctor. For diabetics, never take auto medication for anything always consult your doctor.
 

 
Swimming with eyes wide open
 
Swimming under water with eyes wide open can result in a number of problems, which are a serious cause of concern. It can cause redness of the eyes, the dryness and also stinginess. There are several chemicals in the pool, which have a pH level as it can affect the eyes adversely due to the openness of the eyes while swimming in summer. People who wear contact lenses or even corrective lenses need to be extremely cautious as you might lose them while swimming in summer.

Eye infections and inflammations are widespread among swimmers.
Most commonly reported eye infection is pink eye or conjunctivitis. Bacterial conjunctivitis can be treated with antibiotic drops or ointment. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explain that symptoms like, burning eyes in a swimmer using an indoor swimming pool might be due to water quality, air quality, and pool disinfecting chemical issues resulting in higher levels of chloramines. The chloramines are what cause your eyes to sting after you swim.

What are Chloramines?
Chloramines are a by-product of the pool disinfectant chlorine. When chlorine interacts with sweat and other things brought into the pool (by a swimmer, a pool toy, etc.), chloramines are formed. As the level of chloramines (the "bad" stuff) goes up, the level of chlorine (the "good" stuff) goes down. If the level of chlorine gets too low and the level of chloramines gets too high, then that swimming pool smell, along with the other uncomfortable results, can occur.

Tips to Prevent Infection.
? Wear goggles so that there is not a direct contact of water: They will make your vision clear. They will protect you from the contact of harmful chemicals. The harmful UV rays of the sun can permanent eye damage such as cataracts, macular degeneration and yellowish growths on the front of the eyes. In addition, certain medications like tetracyclines can increase your sensitivity to UV radiation.
? To relieve red eyes and foggy, blurry vision after a day at the pool, flush the eyes with fresh water or a saline solution. Foggy eyes are a result of pool water being absorbed into the corneas by osmosis. As that happens the cornea swells a bit and the vision gets cloudy or foggy. Usually the cloudiness will fade over 30-60 minutes. Cold compresses and lubricating eye drops can help ease the itching and burning. If the irritation persists for more than a few hours after swimming, or doesn't respond to self-care, see your eye care professional.
? Do not swim in a pool with leaf litter.
? Avoid swimming with large numbers of people.
? Wash before entering the water.
? Do not rub your eyes after swimming.
? Stay home. Do not go to swimming pools or other public places if you have an eye infection.
? Wash hands with soap and water after swimming.

 

 
Ginger a powerful and tasty medicine
 
Ginger, the seasoning that gives life to many dishes is found in various kitchens and cuisines.
Ginger is a source of vitamins A, C, E, and B-complex.
It is high in potassium, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, iron, zinc, calcium and beta-carotene. It also contains Silicon which promotes healthy skin, hair, teeth and nails.
Medicinally, ginger has been used for more than 2,000 years.
There are 2 forms of ginger: tea and extract. Ginger extract with alcohol base is the most intense and powerful form of ginger, that's why it is used to treat many diseases.

Ginger can be used to cure many diseases such as:

? Cancer: many studies have demonstrated ginger's ability to defeat several types of cancer cells, including the most aggressive and difficult to treat such as: lung, ovarian, colon, breast, skin carcinoma, prostate, and pancreatic cancer.
? Diabetes Prevention: Studies have shown that diabetes may be both prevented and treated by taking ginger, along with its related abilities to lower blood sugar, protects the nerves of diabetes sufferers and lower blood fat levels.
? Natural Antibiotic: Ginger kills pathogenic bacteria. In fact, it has been proved to have an antibacterial effect which is superior to the effect of antibiotics, without causing any side effects.
? Antifungal: Fungal infections are among the most difficult to treat and many drug-resistant fungi have been developing. However, there's no need to despair, as ginger has been found to have antifungal capability, even against drug-resistant forms.
? Ulcers: Ginger can prevent Intestinal ulcers. It is generally recognized recently that the Helico pylori bacterium is associated with ulcers, and ginger has been shown to inhibit H. pylori and can even inhibit existing ulcers too.
? Inflammation: Inflammation is a serious problem causing many chronic conditions. Neurodegenerative diseases may be aided by ginger's ability to inhibit nitrous oxide production and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Its anti-inflammatory ability may be helpful for treating arthritis, prostate disease, preventing cancer, and general inflammatory processes.
? Menstrual Pain: Some research shows that ginger can reduce symptoms of menstrual pain in some women when taken during menstruation. Taking ginger extract four times daily for 3 days since the beginning of the menstrual period reduces pain symptoms in as many as 62% of women.
? Gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Knee Osteoarthritis: Studies found that ginger extract is as effective as anti-inflammatory drugs commonly used to treat the pain from inflammation of gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis of the knee. These studies also show that ginger is sometimes even more effective than the drugs and without the adverse effects of the anti-inflammatory drugs which include renal insufficiency in 40%, jaundice in 10%, and headaches in 12% of the cases.
? Nausea and Motion Sickness: Ginger has an ability to ease nausea. It has long been used for motion and sea sickness; thus taking ginger before travel makes you feel better. Ginger can also reduce morning sickness, nausea and vomiting during the first trimester of pregnancy.
? Bacterial Diarrhea: The primary cause of death in young children in developed countries is bacterial-induced diarrhea. Ginger binds the bacterial toxin so that it cannot interact with the gut, preventing thus diarrhea and the resultant death. Ginger can currently be considered a fair & simple treatment for children suffering from bacterial diarrhea, since the long term effects of antibiotics are now known to be disastrous and antibiotics are somehow expensive.
? Arterial diseases: Cerebral ischemia & small strokes cause brain damage, including memory loss. Ginger extract significantly reduces damage and alleviates the loss of memory. Ginger extract was also shown to help prevent heart attacks.

To benefit from this wonderful and tasty root, you just need to make your own ginger tea as follows: Peel about 3cm cub of ginger. Slice it thinly or grate it. Boil it in about 1? cups of water for about 10 minutes. If you wish, you can add a bit of lime or lemon juice and sweeten it by adding some honey. Pour into a cup and enjoy!

Dietitian Christelle Bachi Gedeon
Eye & Ear Hospital-Naccache
Mobile: 03-458266
www.facebook.com/YesYouCanClinic

 

 
Some foods are incredibly low-calorie and super-nutritious
 
Here's a list of our favorite almost-zero-calorie foods.

Asparagus

Calories: 27 per cup

Asparagus is traditionally known as a detoxifying food, because it contains high levels of an amino acid that acts as a diuretic, flushing excess fluid out of your system. It also helps speed the metabolism of alcohol and other toxins (it's a surprising hangover remedy).
Asparagus is also a powerhouse of vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A, C, E, and K, B6, folate, iron, copper, and even protein. We love the tender shoots in their most natural form, raw and tossed into salads, or steamed.

Celery

Calories: 16 per cup

Crunchy, a little salty, packed with fiber and an incredibly high-volume food (meaning you can eat a lot for a few calories), celery is a chef's secret weapon. For almost zero calories it also contains vitamin A, vitamin C, and folate, crucial for a healthy pregnancy.

Broccoli

Calories: 31 per cup

Broccoli is amazingly low in calories, but it always makes our list of the top superfoods for a reason. Not only is it packed with fiber, vitamins, and minerals, it contains powerful antioxidants that may improve your odds of breast cancer survival and reduce the risk of colon cancer.
The chemical in broccoli responsible for the protective effect is called sulforaphane, and yes, it gives broccoli its slightly bitter flavor.

Cabbage

Calories: 22 per cup

Crunchy, sweet, and affordable! How can a food that is so humble, with so few calories, be so incredibly good for you? Cabbage packs vitamins, minerals, fibers, and several phytonutrients thought to prevent cancer. Glucosinolate is a metabolic detoxifier and sulphoraphane is a powerful anti-carcinogenic.
Purple cabbage also contains anthocyanins and other natural chemicals that boost cellular repair and block cancer growth. Eat up!

Lettuce

Calories: 5 per cup

You can literally eat pounds of any variety of lettuce and never gain an ounce. Romaine lettuce alone is a great source of B vitamins, folic acid, and manganese, which helps regulate blood sugar and is essential for proper immune system function.
Choose other dark green or purple varieties such as green or red leaf for the most nutrients, and toss with a zesty homemade vinaigrette.

Beets

Calories: 37 per 1/2 cup

Beets are sweet but have very few calories?so you can have something sweet without the guilt. They also are rich in cancer-fighting antioxidants.
Beyond their rich, earthy deliciousness, beets are also a nutritional powerhouse. Rich in iron, fiber, folate, and potassium, they're an excellent way to boost the nutrition in a salad or pasta dish. They get their gorgeous color from betanin, a potent antioxidant.

Cauliflower

Like other cruciferous veggies, cauliflower is full of cancer-fighting phytonutrients and is a great source of vitamin C and folate. Nibble on raw or lightly steamed florets to maximize cauliflower's nutritional power. Cauliflower is one of the top superfoods, that may improve your odds for breast cancer survival.

Coffee

Calories: zero

Black coffee is one of the lowest-calorie drink choices around, and it's a great weight loss ally. Coffee alters levels of gut peptides, the hormones naturally released to control hunger or fullness.
Coffee drinkers may be at lower risk of liver and colon cancer, type 2 diabetes, and Parkinson's disease, and it may help you live longer: A 2008 study found that women who drank coffee regularly?up to six cups a day?were less likely to die of various causes during the study than their non-coffee-drinking counterparts.
What's more the caffeine in coffee can speed up metabolism and fat-burning, which helps lower your risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Grapefruit

Calories: 39 per half fruit

Remember The Grapefruit Diet? There may be something to that. Studies reveal that, on average, women who consumed any amount of grapefruit or grapefruit juice weighed nearly 10 pounds less and had a 6 percent lower body mass index (BMI) than their non-grapefruit-eating counterparts.
A powerhouse for heart health, grapefruit contains vitamin C, folic acid, and potassium, along with pectin, a soluble fiber that may be a strong ally against atherosclerosis. Pink and red varieties also have vitamin A and lycopene, a phytochemical that protects arterial walls from oxidative damage.

Mushrooms

Calories: 15 per cup

Meaty and incredibly low-cal, mushrooms are also incredibly diverse. White button, Portobello, shiitake, and Maitake are just a few of the varieties you'll find in your grocery store. Fortunately, just about all mushrooms contain some form of immune-boosting antioxidants, along with potassium, B vitamins, and fiber.
Shiitakes, for example, contain lentinan, a nutrient that is thought to have anticancer properties. All mushrooms are good sources of vitamin D, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, potassium, copper and selenium.

Tomatoes

Calories: 22 per medium tomato

They contain lycopene, an antioxidant rarely found in other foods. Studies suggest that it could protect the skin against harmful UV rays, prevent certain cancers, and lower cholesterol. Plus, tomatoes contain high amounts of potassium, fiber, and vitamin C.

Zucchini

Calories: 20 per cup

This miracle squash is the ultimate high volume food, meaning you can fill up on very few calories. It's easy to grow, especially in the summer, packs lots of vitamin A, and is so simple to prepare raw or cook with you may want to eat it all year!

Lemons and limes

Calories: 20 per fruit (without peel)

Citrus fruits are loaded with vitamin C and, eaten whole, are a great source of fiber. Studies show that loading up on C-rich citrus at the first sign of illness may reduce a cold's duration by about a day. We also love adding a splash of lemon or lime juice to recipes.
Often tart and sometimes sweet citrus flavors add a punch of flavor without any added fat, calories, or cholesterol.

Garlic

Calories: 4 per clove

Garlic fights colds, battles cancer, and may even ward off urinary tract infections. A diet rich in garlic can help thanks to the bulb's natural antimicrobial properties.
To get the most health benefits out of this stinky bulb, let chopped or crushed garlic sit for 10 minutes before heating. This method helps it retain a third more of its cancer-fighting sulfur compounds than if it were cooked immediately.

Peppers

Calories: 30 per half cup

Hot or mild, peppers are packed with vitamin C fiber for negligible calories. The heat in hot peppers signals the presence of capsaicin, a compound that, along with capsiate, can propel the body to scorch an extra 50 to 100 calories following a spicy meal.
Go for: Chilies as hot as you can stand. (But watch out! The hottest ones?habanero, Scotch bonnet, and Thai or Indian peppers?are too fiery for many people.)

Onions

Calories: 32 per half cup

Don't hold the onions! These flavorful bulbs, which range from sweet to sharp in flavor, boast allyl sulfides, compounds that have been shown to protect against endometrial cancer in laboratory studies.

Tea

Calories: 0

When we talk about tea as a super food, we mean black, green, white, or oolong (herb teas are infusions of other plants with different nutritional characteristics).
All ?real? teas are high in polyphenols, an antioxidant that protects cells from the DNA damage that can cause cancer and other diseases. Tea may also lower LDL or bad cholesterol, ward off osteoporosis, boost your brainpower, and keep you thin.

We'll drink to that!

Carrots

Calories: 22 per 1/2 cup

Carrots are very low in saturated fat and cholesterol. It is also a good source of thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate and manganese, and a very good source of dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, and potassium.
 

 
Low Vitamin D Levels a Risk Factor for Pneumonia
 
A University of Eastern Finland study showed that low serum vitamin D levels are a risk factor for pneumonia. The risk of contracting pneumonia was more than 2.5 times greater in subjects with the lowest vitamin D levels than in subjects with high vitamin D levels. The results were published in Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
 

 
Tips to Keep Your Eyes Protected during summer
We may be concerned with keeping our skin protected from the sun, but our eyes need to be covered too since UV exposure can lead to cataracts and glaucoma. Wearing sunglasses not only protects our eyes, but the delicate tissue around our eyes as well.

When selecting a pair of sunglasses, make sure they block 99 or 100 percent of UVB and UVA rays. The larger the glasses are, the more protection against UV damage since they block more light that hits your eyes from the sides.

 

 
Sushi is making you fat
 

Believe it or not, but Sushi can have more kilojoules than a Big Mac!
According to dietitian Rachel Beller, in her book Eat To Lose, Eat To Win, she says a ?light lunch? of sushi may mean you overdose on kilojoules and carbohydrates.

?A typical sushi roll contains 290 to 350 calories, equivalent to 1464 kilojoules and has the carbohydrate equivalent of two-and-a-half to four slices of bread,? says Beller.

Keep in mind that a normal sushi lunch contains two or three of these rolls, a total of up to 4393 kilojoules, and it's easy to be led to believe we are all enjoying a low-joule, healthy lunch!

On top of that, sushi rice isn't just boiled in water, it also has considerable amounts of added sugar ? sugary rice vinegar is added for flavouring. This means your once ?healthy? sushi lunch is just mouthfuls of processed, sugary carbohydrates.

Sushi has been touted as a great choice for dieters ? but not all sushi dishes are low in kilojoules and fat. The Sushi Train's Volcano Roll has 1538kj per 100 grams ? comparatively, a Big Mac has 1030kj per 100 grams.
 

 
Treatment Discovered for Gray Hair, Vitiligo Skin Disease
 

Nature World News reports that a group of researchers in Europe have discovered a treatment that, in essence, cures gray hair as well as a skin condition called vitiligo. The findings were published in the FASEB Journal.

Gray hair is caused by the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide in the hair follicle that causes hair to lose its color from the inside out. It is a very common, but not universal, symptom of aging.

Vitiligo is a skin condition, according to the American College of Dermatology, which causes patches of skin to lose their pigmentation. It is not contagious, painful, or life threatening, but can cause lost of self esteem and social awkwardness. According to the New York Daily News, the most famous American to suffer from the disease was Michael Jackson, whose skin color assumed a pale cast because of the progression of the disease as he grew older. While many suspected that he suffered from that condition, it was only publicly confirmed after his autopsy. About 2 million Americans suffer from vitiligo to one degree or another.

The treatment that can cure both gray hair and vitiligo is "--a proprietary treatment developed by the researchers described as a topical, ultraviolet B-activated -- sunlight -- compound PC-KUS, a modified pseudocatalase."

In the reported study, 2,411 people with vitiligo, including 2.4 percent diagnosed with segmental vitiligo, were treated with the psuedocatalase activated by sunlight, causing the pigmentation of the skin and eyebrows to be restored.

People afflicted with vitiligo have had to resort to various creams and makeup to try to hide their condition. A treatment that could in effect cure the disease would be a boon for the millions who suffer from it.

Gray hair has been addressed from time immemorial by a variety of gels and hair colorings. The pseudocatalase treatment would make having gray hair a matter of choice rather than something that just happens to someone.

There is no word when the treatment will be commercially available and whether it will be classified as a drug or a cosmetic according to FDA rules. If the former, a long approval process will be judged necessary.
 

 
Energy Drinks May Put Heart at Risk
 

Energy drinks may raise blood pressure and interfere with the heart's electrical system, increasing the risk of sudden cardiac death, a meta-analysis found.
In a pooled analysis of 93 people who consumed energy drinks, the QT interval ? a segment of the heart's rhythm on an ECG ? was significantly prolonged by 10 ms, according to Sachin A. Shah, PharmD, from the University of the Pacific in Stockton, Calif., and colleagues.
In another pooled analysis of 132 people, researchers found a significant increase in systolic blood pressure by 3.5 mmHg that was associated with the consumption of energy drinks, Shah reported at the American Heart Association Epidemiology and Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism 2013 meeting in New Orleans.
A previous review in the journal Pediatrics found that nearly half of the more than 5,000 caffeine overdoses reported in 2007 involved people under age 19. The review noted that up to half of the energy drinks on the market are consumed by adolescents and young adults.

The FDA has initiated several probes into energy drinks after reports of deaths were preliminarily linked to the drinks.
 

 
Smoking ?poses bigger risk to women?
 

Smoking may pose a bigger health threat to women than men, say researchers.
Women who smoke have a higher risk of cancer than men, Norwegian investigators found.
They looked at the medical records of 600,000 patients and discovered the bowel cancer risk linked to smoking was twice as high in women than men.
Female smokers had a 19% increased risk of the disease while male smokers had a 9% increased risk, Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention reports.
 

 
Brain implant 'predicts' epilepsy seizures
 
A brain implant may be able to predict epilepsy seizures by picking up the early warning signs, a small study suggests.
The device uses the brain's electrical activity to tell patients if their risk of a seizure is high, moderate or low.
The study on 15 people, published in the Lancet Neurology, showed the device worked in some patients.
The charity Epilepsy Action cautioned that it was still early days, but said it could be an "exciting development".
Epilepsy is thought to affect 50 million people worldwide. Abnormal activity in part of the brain causes seizures involving involuntary shaking.
 

 
Kids and computers
 
We have all heard the warnings about screens being bad for children ? but now a French study from the influential Academy of
Sciences claims that playing with computers, touchpad's and video games can actually be good for even young children, if a few
simple rules are followed.
Televisions, tablets and other screens surround many children and the majority appear to love watching and playing on them.
To find out about the effects, children were monitored while playing video games. We watched one such sessions and saw that the rear area of a child's brain ? the part that controls movement ? was active, but the frontal lobe was also active ? that is the area of the brain controlling abstract thinking and problem solving.
Researcher Olivier Houde explained what that means: ?This is the key message: if you educate the child to use video screens, that child is going to learn how to use different parts of his brain.?
Researchers said parents need to explain that a touchpad or a computer is just a means to learning or having fun.
Mr Houde added: ?It is only because it is a medium of exchange that it allows the child to discover not only what we can do with the internet, but also it allows him to name what he sees, to learn how to interact, to learn to understand. A child doesn't do this spontaneously. No touchpad by itself can help a child to do anything?.
But the report stresses that screen-based activities must be suitable for the age of the child; while TV is not advised for under two year olds, scientists said there is nothing wrong with tablets and similar devices ? in moderation ? to introduce even the smallest children to our digital world.
 

 
10 tips that can help to make sure that your medication works safely to improve your health
 

5 THINGS TO DO
- Take each medication exactly as it has been prescribed.
- Make sure that all your doctors know about all your medications.
- Let your doctors know about any other over-the-counter medications, vitamins and supplements, or herbs that you use.
- Try to use the same pharmacy to fill all your prescriptions, so that they can help you keep track of everything you're taking.
- Keep medications out of the reach of children.

5 THINGS NOT TO DO
- DON'T change your medication dose or schedule without talking with your doctor.
- DON'T use medication prescribed for someone else.
- DON'T crush or break pills unless your doctor instructs you to do so.
- DON'T use medication that has passed its expiration date.
- DON'T store your medications in locations that are either too hot or too cold. For example, the bathroom cabinet may not be the best place for your medication.

 

 
People who often talk on cell phones while driving
 
Next time you see a driver talking on the cell phone and looking confident, you might want to change lanes.
People who often talk on cell phones while driving may think they are experts at such multitasking, but they are typically not, says researcher David Strayer, PhD, professor of psychology at the University of Utah.
In this case, Strayer and his colleagues found practice does not make perfect, or even close to it.
?The people who multitask the most seem to be the worst at it,? he says, citing his study results. The study is published in PLOS ONE.
However, another expert who has studied the effects of distraction takes issue with the finding. It may only suggest that people who are more intelligent don't talk and drive, as they are aware of the risks, says Erik Altmann, PhD. He is an associate professor of psychology at Michigan State University.
 

 
Common examples of things to which we might be allergic
What are some common examples of things to which we might be allergic?
There are several different substances that we can be allergic to. These are typically proteins in our environment, or things that we ingest. These categories can include foods -- and food allergens such as peanut allergy or milk allergy, they can include venom or insect sting allergies such as fire ant, honey bee, or wasp.
It can also be inhalant allergens such as animal dander's like dogs or cats, horses, or pollen that are common in our environment. Other types of inhalants are dust mite, cockroach, and molds. Other types of things, such as medications and substances that we may come in contact with, such as penicillin or latex, can also be allergies. This makes it very challenging for an allergic patient oftentimes to live in our world.

What are common symptoms of allergies?
Allergies are caused by an imbalance in a person's immune system resulting from exposure to an environmental substance or allergen which when present may cause a wide range of symptoms. When a person is allergic to one of these substances, their immune cells release a substance called histamine.

When the allergen comes into contact with an antibody that was created from an earlier exposure. The result may include symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion, itching or pruritus of the eyes, nose, and throat, and skin hives, and in the most severe conditions, difficulty breathing. Some of the common allergic responses include hay fever, hives, eczema, asthma, food allergies and reactions to insect bites.

Once again, the underlying problem in each of these reactions is that an individual has an exaggerated response to a substance that he has been exposed to previously, whereas in normal conditions, the immune system would not produce such symptoms. Common allergens are prevalent in everyday life, such as tree pollen, grass, dust mites, cockroaches and molds.
 

 
Insomnia
Many people never visit their doctor for insomnia, and instead try to cope with sleeplessness on their own. Several therapies that may be helpful include:

Melatonin. This over-the-counter supplement is marketed as a way to help overcome insomnia. Your body naturally produces melatonin, releasing it into your bloodstream in increasing amounts starting at dusk and tapering off toward the morning. Older people seem to have a greater benefit from melatonin, but no convincing evidence exists to prove that melatonin is an effective treatment for insomnia. It's generally considered safe to use melatonin for a few weeks, but the long-term safety of melatonin is unknown. The dosage is usually between 0.3 and 5 milligrams (mg) a day.
Valerian. This is another dietary supplement that's sold as a sleep aid because it has a mildly sedating effect. But, this supplement hasn't been well studied. In addition, this product has been associated with liver damage in some people, though it's not clear if valerian was the cause of the damage. The recommended dose of valerian is 400 to 900 mg daily with an extract containing 0.4 to 0.6 percent of valerenic acid.
Acupuncture. During an acupuncture session, a practitioner places numerous thin needles in your skin at specific points on your body. There's some evidence that this practice may be beneficial for people with insomnia.
Be sure to talk with your doctor before taking any herbal supplements or over-the-counter products as some can interact with medications, and others, such as L-tryptophan, may be dangerous on their own.

?1998-2013 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER).
 

 
TV in bedroom puts children at higher risk of obesity
 
Researchers looked at 369 children aged 5 to 18 noting their waist circumference, blood pressure, cholesterol, fat mass and stomach fat. The data showed that not only were those with TVs in their bedrooms more likely to watch more TV, they also had more fat mass and a higher waist circumference compared to those without a bedroom TV.

Study participants with a TV in the bedroom and those who watched more than two hours of television a day had up to 2.5 times the odds of having the highest levels of fat mass.
A bedroom TV may create additional disruptions to healthy habits, above and beyond regular TV viewing.

The study was published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
 

 
Avoiding the flu
 

It seems to happen to you every year. You're in the middle of working on a project, your boss appreciates your dedication, you've got a couple of great parties coming up - and then you get hit what seems like symptoms of the flu! "Not now!" you cry, as fever, body aches, cough, and fatigue begin to set in.

This year, don't let the flu beat you. Come up with a plan to prevent it. These steps may seem obvious, but people sometimes forget to take them. This year, make sure you do!

Identify potential flu zones. Is that co-worker of yours sniffling more than usual? Is the person seated next to you coughing and not covering their mouth? Think of the places that may spread the flu - crowded areas come to mind - and simply stay away.

Defend yourself! It's not always possible to stay away from people who are obviously sick. And because people can be contagious with the flu even before they show symptoms, you may get infected even if you're near someone who doesn't look sick. So what's your best bet? Defense!

- Ask your health care provider about getting the flu vaccine.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water. Count to 20 when washing your hands. And if soap and water aren't handy, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Resist touching your face - the flu virus can enter the body through the eyes, nose, or mouth via your hands (which can carry the virus if you touch a contaminated surface).
- Regularly clean and disinfect common surface areas. At work, keep your desk, phone, and doorknob clean, especially if other people stop by often. If you have lent your pen or other supplies to someone, clean them before putting them back in their place.

Watch out for symptoms
Symptoms of flu include sudden onset of fever, sudden onset of cough, fatigue, sore throat, muscle or body aches, headache, runny nose, and loss of appetite. Some people even experience diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.

Be on the lookout for these symptoms, and get yourself home as soon as you notice them, especially if you know you're likely to have the flu because you've been in contact with someone with the flu.

Consider talking to your doctor for treatment options, which may include symptom treatment (things to treat symptoms such as fever or muscle aches) and antiviral medication, which can decrease the length of time you have the flu if taken within 48 hours of the start of flu symptoms. Seeing a doctor is especially important if you are at a higher risk of complications related to the flu (such as pneumonia or bronchitis). People at high risk include people with existing medical conditions (e.g., asthma, diabetes, heart disease), pregnant women, and people who are very obese.

If you've done all you can but still end up getting the flu, don't be a hero. Call in sick so that you don't spread the flu to others in your office and so you give your body time to rest and recover. If you live with other people, stay away from them and ask your doctor about ways to help prevent the flu infection if someone in the house is infected with the flu.
 

 
8 steps on how to get rid of a bad habit that can change your life!
 
? Do a 30-day challenge, focusing on ONE bad habit.
? Write it down on paper, along with your motivations, obstacles, and strategies for overcoming them.
? Commit fully, in a public way.
? Log your progress.
? Remain publicly accountable - report on your progress each day.
? Have support for when you falter - either in real life or online.
? Reward every little success.
? If you fail, figure out what went wrong, plan for it, and try again.
 

 
Sugar to prevent neurodegeneration?
 
A study has just shown the beneficial effect of sugar on the brain. It would prevent diseases related to neurodegeneration such as Alzheimer's disease.

The study by Alex Parker and published in the journal Aging Cell provides a surprising result: the sugar would be great to stimulate memory and thus fight against neurodegeneration. A conclusion which suggests that some diseases such as Alzheimer's, could be prevented by sugar. But caution: glucose sugar also causes obesity and diabetes.
 

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